Food security AS

The proposed food security adaptation strategy includes the following measures. From the set of environmental measures, preventing desertification (E2) is considered the most beneficial for agriculture, i.e. cattle-raising. The measure is discussed above. The choice of measures designed to directly enhance food production is done with the purpose of meeting agriculture demands for water in two ways: by reducing the actual demands and by increasing the amount of water resources available. Measures F1 (increase water use efficiency and productivity), F3 (change cropping pattern) and F7 (revive cattle-raising) would prove extremely effective under both scenarios by decreasing demands for water. Those measures are favourable for the environment too. To improve water management (F2) is actually a universal measure in terms of coping with water deficits and rationalizing the principles of water allocation between different users. In transboundary relations it may help to make more water available for irrigation. At the local scale this measure may help to save water resources and is closely linked with increasing water use efficiency. The most costly measure (F4) of food adaptation strategy is related with increasing water storage capacity by constructing a major Kambarata reservoir in the headwaters of Syr Darya, and reducing losses in the irrigation network through reconstruction of the irrigation scheme. This requires major investments, but would help to raise more water resources for the demands of crop production. Since the industrial demands for water and the measures to enhance water-related industry in the basin come into conflict with agricultural demands, no industrial measures are included in this adaptation strategy.

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