Environmental Adaptation Measures

The Syr Darya and Rhine Basins are used for demonstrating the AMR framework for evaluating adaptation strategies on the basis of environmental indicators (see Chapter 1). The main environmental issues and policy goals of the basins are briefly described and expressed in terms of indicators. This information is based on the reports of the basin studies conducted during the ADAPT project. For the Syr Darya, the largest environmental problems correlate with the main activity in the basin,...

Adaptation for Regional Water Management

Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 2FutureWater, Arnhem, The Netherlands Dealing with climate change and climate variability is generally considered to be one of the largest challenges for the coming decades, on all geographical scales, across all economic sectors. Water managers see themselves confronted with a continuous stream of increasingly credible scientific information on the potential magnitude of climate change and climate...

Global water resources and ecosystems

In Fig. 4.1, the long-term average mean annual runoff (MAR) of rivers is shown. This is calculated using a global runoff model (Smakhtin, VU., Revenga, C. and Doll, P, unpublished). Between regions there is a large difference in runoff. The dark areas show high runoff and the light areas low runoff. As can be expected, high yearly runoff occurs in the tropics and the yearly runoff in the desert regions is very low. The centre of North America, Australia and central Asia are places in the world...

Evaluation of Impacts and Adaptation

The impact of climate change and associated other drivers without adaptation can be considered as the 'business as usual' adaptation strategy. Using the aforementioned drivers and indicators, the simulation models were applied to calculate indicator values. The status of the basin will be evaluated separately for the selected periods and climate change scenarios. According to the present water allocation policies, domestic and industrial demands have first and second priority, respectively. The...