References

Anderson, T. L., R. J. Charlson, S. E. Schwartz et al. 2003. Climate forcing by aerosols:

A hazy picture. Science 300:1103-1104. Andrews, T., and P. M. Forster. 2008. CO2 forcing induces semi-direct effects with consequences for climate feedback interpretations. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L04802. Bodas-Salcedo, A., M. J. Webb, M. E. Brooks et al. 2008. Evaluation of cloud systems in the Met Office global forecast model using CloudSat data. Geophy. Res. Abst. 10:EGU2008-A-10141. Bony, S., J.-L. Dufresne, H. Le Treut, J.-J. Morcrette, and C. Senior. 2004. On dynamic and thermodynamic components of cloud changes, Climate Dyn. 22:71-86. Browning, K. A., et al. 1993. The GEWEX Cloud System Study (GCSS). Bull. Amer.

Meteor. Soc. 74:387-399. Cess, R. D., G. L. Potter, J. P. Blanchet et al. 1990. Intercomparison and interpretation of climate feedback processes in 19 atmospheric general circulation models. J. Geophys. Res. 95(D10):16,601-16,615. Chepfer, H., S. Bony, M. Chiriaco et al. 2008. Use of CALIPSO lidar observations to evaluate the cloudiness simulated by a climate model. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L15804.

Coakley, J. A., P. A. Durkee, K. Nielsen et al. 2000. The appearance and disappearance of ship tracks on large spatial scales. J. Atmos. Sci. 57:2765-2778. Denman, K. L., G. Brasseur, A. Chidthaisong et al. 2007. Couplings between changes in the climate system and biogeochemistry. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning et al., pp. 499-588. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press. Dufresne, J.-L., and S. Bony. 2008. An assessment of the primary sources of spread of global warming estimates from coupled ocean-atmosphere models. J. Climate, in press.

Forster, P., V. Ramaswamy, Artaxo et al. 2007. Radiative Forcing of Climate Change. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning et al., pp. 129-234. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Gregory, J. M., and M. J. Webb. 2008. Tropospheric adjustment induces a cloud component in CO2 forcing. J. Climate. 21(1):58-71.

Hall, A., and X. Qu. 2006. Using the current seasonal cycle to constrain snow albedo feedback in future climate change. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33:L03502.

Hansen, J., M. Sato, R. Ruedy et al. 2005. Efficacy of climate forcings. J. Geophys. Res. 110:D18104.

Illingworth, A. J., R. J. Hogan, E. J. O'Connor et al. 2007. Cloudnet: Continuous evaluation of cloud profiles in seven operational models using ground-based observations. Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc. 88:883-898.

IPCC. 2007. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning et al. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Leith, C. E. 1975. Climate response and fluctuation dissipation. J. Atmos. Sci. 32:20222026.

Loeb, N. G., B. A. Wielicki, W. Su et al. 2007. Multi-instrument comparison of top of the atmosphere reflected solar radiation, J. Climate 20:575-591.

Neelin, J. D., and N. Zeng. 2000. A quasi-equilibrium tropical circulation model— formulation. J. Atmos. Sci. 57:1741-1766.

Rodwell, M. J., and T. N. Palmer. 2007. Using numerical weather prediction to assess climate models. Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 133:129-146.

Rotstayn, L. D., and J. E. Penner. 2001. Indirect aerosol forcing, quasi forcing, and climate response. J. Climate 14:2960-2975.

Schwartz, S. E. 2007. Heat capacity, time constant, and sensitivity of Earth's climate system. J. Geophys. Res. 112:D24S05.

Shine, K. P., J. Cook, E. J. Highwood, and M. M. Joshi. 2003. An alternative to radiative forcing for estimating the relative importance of climate change mechanisms. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30:2047.

Soden, B. J., and I. M. Held. 2006. An assessment of climate feedbacks in coupled ocean-atmosphere models. J. Climate 19:3354-3360.

Soden, B. J., R. T. Wetherald, G. L. Stenchikov, and A. Robock. 2002. Global cooling after the eruption of Mount Pinatubo: A test of climate feedback by water vapor. Science 296:727.

Twomey, S. A. 1974. Pollution and the planetary albedo. Atmos. Environ. 8:12511256.

Webb, M., C. Senior, S. Bony, and J.-J. Morcrette. 2001. Combining ERBE and ISCCP data to assess clouds in the Hadley Centre, ECMWF and LMD atmospheric climate models. Climate Dyn. 17:905-922.

Williams, K. D., and G. Tselioudis. 2007. GCM intercomparison of global cloud regimes: Present-day evaluation and climate change response. Climate Dyn. 29:231-250.

Yokohata, T., S. Emori, T. Nozawa et al. 2005. Climate response to volcanic forcing: Validation of climate sensitivity of a coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32:L21710.

0 0

Post a comment