Key features in electricity and CO2: Former Soviet Union

F Total output in electricity and heat from cogeneration plants slightly increased over the last decade (0.9% annual growth), after a significant decrease between 1990 and 1998 following the fall of the Soviet Union and resulting economic recession.

F CO2 emissions from power generation increased slightly over the last decade, remaining 29% below the 1990 level. The CO2 intensity of power generation has remained stable over 1998-2008, at around 0.37 tCO2/MWh, a relatively low level due to the important share of CHP plants, which are more efficient than electricity-only plants.

F The fuel mix in electricity generation is characterised by a large share of gas (42.5%).

F The data for the region is dominated by Russia, which represents 73% of total electricity and heat from CHP output, and 66% of total emissions.

F The electricity intensity of GDP has significantly decreased over the last decade from 0.67 to 0.42 kWh/USD, but remains the highest among regions in this report.

F Industry remains the largest consumer (48.2% of total final electricity use). The commercial sector's consumption increased rapidly, from 10% of electricity use in 1998 to 18.4% in 2008.

F The share of non-fossil generation has remained relatively stable over the last decade, around 34%. Nuclear and hydro account for 53% and 47% of non-fossil generation, respectively. Total output from non-hydro renewables is negligible, less than 0.1% of total electricity generation, even though it experienced rapid growth during the last decade (30.2% per annum).

F Gas, nuclear, hydro and coal to a lesser extent (with 13%) account for the vast majority of projected new capacity.

Asia (excluding China and India)

Figure 1

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Figure 2

Generation mix in iower oedtir


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