Key features in electricity and CO2: India
► Energy and especially electricity access is a permanent challenge for India.
► India relies on coal for over 68% of its electricity generation. CO2 emissions have therefore increased in tandem with electricity demand. In 2008, emissions stood at more than three times their 1990 level.
► The CO2 intensity of power generation has increased over the 1990-2008 period, from 0.85 to 0.97 tCO/MWh.
► The industry sector accounts for 46.4% of electricity use in India, although the commercial sector shows the strongest growth, ahead of the residential sector. India has introduced measures to enhance efficiency in industry, such as the Energy Conservation Act of 2001 and the more recent "Perform, Achieve and Trade" policy. Building codes are in place since 2006.
► Hydro is India's major renewable resource in electricity, with 13.8% of the total output. The National Action Plan on Climate Change identifies hydro, wind and solar as priorities for development.
► Non-hydro renewables are by far the fastest growing source of electricity, primarily spurred by wind generation, with targeted government assistance since 2002.
► India's solar energy potential has not been exploited yet. The country is planning for 20 GW of solar capacity by 2020, starting with 1 000 MW in 2013 under its National Solar Mission.
► These developments, as well as wind capacity additions, are not yet fully reflected in the capacity data collected by Platts.
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