Abstract In this chapter we explore the challenges in developing and deploying technology for mitigation of CO2 emissions associated with power generation. Past successes with controlling other pollutants (notably SO2) provide insight as to the difficulty of extrapolating those successes to applications for carbon capture and control. Technology innovations that have yet to reach commercial fruition are noted, but for the near term we can make effective use of commercial processes readily available and achieve significant reductions in carbon emissions. These reductions can be obtained by fuel switching, efficiency upgrades introduced fleet-wide, and expanded use of lower CO2 emitting technologies, all of which should be done in parallel with a robust R&D program to develop new technologies for extraction of CO2 from exhaust gases or strategies for fuel decarbonization.
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