Ravi K. Srivastava1, Samudra Vijay, and Elineth Torres
Abstract Carbon dioxide (CO2) accounts for more than 90% of worldwide CO2-eq greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from industrial sectors other than power generation. Amongst these sectors, the cement industry is one of the larger industrial sources of CO2 emissions. In 2005, this industry accounted for about 6% of the global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Further, global production of cement has been growing steadily, with the main growth being in Asia. Considering these trends, the worldwide cement industry is a key industrial sector relative to CO2 emissions.
The development of policy options for managing emissions and air quality can be made more effective and efficient through sophisticated analyses of relevant technical and economic factors. Such analyses are greatly enhanced by the use of an appropriate modeling framework. Accordingly, the Industrial Sectors Integrated Solutions (ISIS) model for industrial sectors is under development at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). Currently, this model is populated with data on the U.S. cement-manufacturing sector and efforts are underway to build representations of the U.S. pulp and paper and iron and steel sectors.
*The findings included in this chapter do not necessarily reflect the view or policies of the Environmental Protection Agency. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute Agency endorsement or recommendation for use. t © US Government 2011
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA
ORISE Research Fellow, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, Cincinnati, OH 45268, USA currently at
Sam Analytic Solutions, LLC, 614 Willingham Road, Morrisville, NC 27560, USA E. Torres
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Sector Policy and Programs Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA
F.T. Princiotta (ed.), Global Climate Change - The Technology Challenge, Advances in Global Change Research 38, DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-3153-2_8, © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011
In this chapter, ISIS was used to conduct an example analysis of the U.S. cement sector to gain some insights relative to two broad questions: (1) what range of CO2 reductions may be practicable in the near-term, and (2) for that range, what may be the market characteristics for the U.S. cement industry. These questions are relevant because in the absence of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology, the path forward for reducing CO2 emissions in the near-term (e.g., decade ending 2020) will need to depend on the currently available energy efficiency measures and raw material and product substitution approaches.
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