While these challenges to the widespread deployment of new nuclear plants exist, they are not insurmountable, given the resources and will to succeed. As this chapter has attempted to point out, nuclear is a low greenhouse gas emitter. It is capable of providing large amounts of power using proven technology. In the immediate future, it can contribute to greenhouse gas reduction but only on a modest scale, replacing a portion of the electricity produced by coal fired power plants. While it has the potential to do more, there are significant resources, political and social issues that must be addressed. If these can be overcome, then nuclear power could play a much more significant role in decreasing greenhouse gas emissions.
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