Technology will play a major role in mitigation and abatement of GHG emissions from power sector in China, India, and Mexico. Reducing the rate of growth of electricity demand by aggressively pursuing end-use energy efficiency measures and improving the operational efficiency and management of the existing generation fleet are the best options to change GHG emissions trajectory in the short-term. In the medium term, deployment of renewables and nuclear power needs to be accelerated. Retrofitting the existing fleet to meet strengthened environmental standards, and accelerated fleet-turnover, coupled with adoption of state-of-the-art high efficiency generation technologies, such as SC and USC boilers and advanced gas turbines should play an important role in meeting the increasing demand while emitting the least amount of GHG emissions. In parallel, significant R&D efforts will have to be undertaken to adapt the off-the-shelf generation technologies to suit local needs. Moreover, in the longer term, developed countries will need to provide financial and technical support for these countries and partner with them to develop, design, demonstrate, and deploy end-of-pipe controls for capturing carbon dioxide, and its sequestration. In general, effective GHG mitigation in these three countries requires a common understanding and equitable sharing of costs and benefits among both developing and industrialized countries.
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