83 per cent 1 per cent 2 24

600,000,000 600,000,000

The Super Rich: The world's 225 richest individuals, of whom 60 are Americans, with total assets of $311 billion, have a combined income of wealth of over $1 trillion - equal to the income of the poorest 47 per cent of the entire world population.

The Ultra Rich: The three richest people in the world have assets that exceed the combined gross national product of the 48 least developed countries

SOURCES: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), States of Disarray: The Social Effects of Globalization (London: UNRISD, 1995); World Watch 9(4) (July/August) (1996), p. 39. Worldwatch Institute, "Matters of Scale: The Global Economy," World Watch 10(3) (1997), p. 39. World Health Organization (WHO), World Health Report 1995, in World Watch 9(5) (September/October) (1996), p. 39. "UNEP Human Development Report 1998," in New York Times, September 27 1998.

Table 31 : Who dominates the world?

Number of people employed by the UN 53,589

Number of people employed at Disneyland 50,000

Total budget of the UN in 1995-6 (two-year budget) $18.2 billion Revenue of a single US arms manufacturer (Lockheed Martin)

in 1995 $19.4 billion

UN peacekeeping expenditures in 1995 $3.6 billion

World military spending in 1995 $767 billion Number of UN peacekeepers for every 150,000 people in the world 1 Number of soldiers in national armies for every 150,000

people in the world 650

US contribution to the UN budget, per capita $7

Norwegian contribution to the UN budget, per capita $65 Number of US troops serving in UN peacekeeping operations in 1994 965 Number of US troops serving in international missions under

US command in 1994 86,451

Cost of the 1992 Earth Summit $10 million Cost of the 1994 Paris Air Show and Weapons Exhibition

(US portion) $12 million

UN Environment Programme (UNEP) budget per year $100 million

Global military spending per day more than $2 billion

SOURCES: Compiled by Michael Renner, "Matters of Scale: Who Dominates the World," World Watch 9(6) (November/December) (1996), p. 39. Kofi A. Annan, Christopher Flavin and Linda Starke, State of the World, 2002: A Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society (New York: W.W. Norton, 2002).

Weight of the total world catch of fish and seafood in recent years

Weight of non-native jellyfish in the Black Sea in 1998 Percentage of the Great Lake fish catch that was native salmon and trout in 1900 Percentage that was native salmon and trout in 1966, after overfishing, chemical pollution, and bioinvasions including the spread of the exotic predatory sea lamprey killed off the native fish Number of species of native birds in Hawai'i in prehistoric times Number of native species left today, after mass extinctions caused by human-carried invasions of exotic diseases and predatory pigs, rats, and other mammals Percentage of the crop harvest in medieval Europe that was destroyed by pests Percentage of the crop harvest in the world today that is destroyed by pests Profit per hectare gained by Australian ranchers from the introduction of exotic forage plants Costs per hectare to the Australian public of controlling those plants, which have no effective natural controls in that ecosystem

86 million tons 900 million tons

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