Info

66 to 1

SOURCE: Data collected from United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Human Development Reports, issues published from 1992-9 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

NOTE: The increasing income gap between the fifth of the global population living in the richest countries, and the fifth living in the poorest countries, is clear in the table above. This trend resembles that experienced in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, when rapid global integration was also taking place; inequality defined by income between the top and bottom state increased from 3:1 in 1820, to 7:1 in 1870, to 11:1 in 1913. In addition to the gap in income, inequality is evident in other spheres, as Table 25 reveals.

Table 25: Concentration of global income, resources, and wealth, 1999

20% global population

20% global population

in highest-income

in lowest-income

countries

countries

% of world GDP 86

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