Humaninduced Subsidence

several types of human activity can result in the formation of sinkholes or cause other surface subsidence phenomena. Withdrawals of fluids from underground aquifers, depletion of the source of replenishment to these aquifers, and collapse of underground mines can all cause surface subsidence. In addition, vibrations from drilling, construction, or blasting can trigger collapse events, and the extra load of buildings over unknown deep collapse structures can cause them to propagate to the surface, forming a sinkhole. These processes reflect geologic hazards caused by humans' interaction with the natural geologic environment.

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