Further Resources


Abbott, Patrick L. Natural Disasters. 3rd ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. A college freshman-level book about natural disasters, listing causes and examples.

Abrahams, A. D., and A. J. Parsons. Geomorphol-ogy of Desert Environments. Norwell, Massachusetts: Kluwer Academic Publishers for Chapman and Hall, 1994. This is a comprehensive textbook, describing the wide range of landforms and processes in desert environments.

Ahrens, C. D. Meteorology Today, An Introduction to Weather, Climate, and the Environment. 7th ed. Pacific Grove, Calif.: Brooks/Cole, 2003. An introductory text for freshman college levels on meteorology, weather, and climate.

Alley, W. M., T. E. Reilly, and O. L. Franke. Sustain-ability of Ground-Water Resources. United States Geological Survey Circular 1186, 1999. This book discusses the use and misuse of groundwater, including the effects of contamination and pollution.

Angelo, Joseph A. Encyclopedia of Space and Astronomy. New York: Facts On File, 2006. This is a comprehensive, high school-to-college level encyclopedia covering thousands of topics in astronomy.

Armstrong, B. R., and K. Williams. The Avalanche Book. Armstrong, Colo.: Fulcrum Publishing, 1992. This is a comprehensive yet readable book about avalanches and their hazards.

Ashworth, William, and Charles E. Little. Encyclopedia of Environmental Studies. New Ed. New York: Facts On File, 2001. A comprehensive encyclopedia for high school students covering diverse aspects of the environment.

Ball, Philip. The Elements: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. A simple introduction to each of the groups of chemical elements.

Birkland, P. W. Soils and Geomorphology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984. This is a general, college-level textbook on soil science and geomorphology.

Blong, Russell J. Volcanic Hazards, A Sourcebook on the Effects of Eruptions. New York: Academic Press, 1984. This book discusses the geological hazards associated with volcanic eruptions.

Botkin, D., and E. Keller. Environmental Science. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley and Sons, 2003. This is an introductory college-level book that discusses many issues of environmental sciences.

Bromley, D. Allan. A Century of Physics. New York: Springer, 2002. A tour from the last century of physics growth, impact, and directions. Numerous photos and illustrations.

Chaisson, Eric, and Steve McMillan. Astronomy Today. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: 2007. A college-level textbook on astronomy.

Chapple, Michael. Schaum's A to Z Physics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003. Defines 650 key concepts with diagrams and graphs, intended for high school students and college freshmen.

Charap, John M. Explaining the Universe: The New Age of Physics. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002. A description of the field of physics at the beginning of the 21st century.

Considine, Glenn D., ed. Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia. 10th ed. 3 vols. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2008. Comprehensive general reference containing more than 10,000 entries on topics ranging from all scientific disciplines including the life sciences, Earth and atmospheric sciences, physical sciences, medicine, and mathematics, as well as many areas of engineering and technology.

Davis, R., and D. Fitzgerald. Beaches and Coasts. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2004. This is a comprehensive, undergraduate-to-graduate-level text on processes and environments on beaches and coasts.

Dawson, A. G. Ice Age Earth, London: Routledge, 1992. This book describes environmental and geological conditions on the Pleistocene Earth during the ice ages.

Dennis, Johnnie T. The Complete Idiot's Guide to Physics. Indianapolis, Ind.: Alpha Books, 2003.

A friendly review of high school-level classical physics.

Dewick, Paul M. Essentials of Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 2006. An introductory textbook of organic chemistry.

The Diagram Group. The Facts On File Physics Handbook. Rev. ed. New York: Facts On File, 2006. Convenient resource containing a glossary of terms, short biographical profiles of celebrated physicists, a chronology of events and discoveries, and useful charts, tables, and diagrams.

Drew, D. Karst Processes and Landforms. New York: MacMillan Education Press, 1985. This is a comprehensive review of the geological conditions that lead to the development of karst terrains.

Elkins-Tanton, Linda T. Asteroids, Meteorites, and Comets. New York: Facts On File, 2006. This is a good high school book that covers the characteristics, formation, and evolution of asteroids, meteorites, and comets.

Falk, Dan. Universe on a T-Shirt: The Quest for the Theory of Everything. New York: Arcade Publishing, 2002. A story outlining developments in the search for the theory that will unify all four natural forces.

Fleisher, Paul. Relativity and Quantum Mechanics: Principles of Modern Physics. Minneapolis, Minn.: Lerner Publications, 2002. An introduction to the concepts of relativity and quantum mechanics, written for middle school students.

Francis, Peter. Volcanoes, A Planetary Perspective. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993. This book discusses the role of volcanoes in planetary processes such as magma budget, litho-sphere-asthenosphere interactions, and variations among volcanoes on the planet.

Gillispie, Charles C., ed. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 18 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970-81. New Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 8 additional vols., 2007. More than 5,000 biographies of scientists and mathematicians from around the world.

Gordon, N. D., T. A. McMahon, and B. L. Fin-layson. Stream Hydrology—an Introduction for Ecologists. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1992. This is an elementary book for non-specialists on the hydrology and dynamics of streams.

Griffith, W. Thomas. The Physics of Everyday Phenomena. 4th ed. Boston: WCB/McGraw-Hill, 2004. A conceptual text for nonscience college students.

Hamblin, Jacob Darwin. Science in the Early Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2005. Alphabetical entries examining science from 1900-50.

Holton, Gerald James, and Stephen G. Brush. Physics, the Human Adventure: From Copernicus to Einstein and Beyond. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2001. Comprehensive introduction intended for nonscience college students. Difficult reading but covers a lot of material.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contributions of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor, and H. L. Miller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. This is the most comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of past, present, and future climate change.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contributions of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by M. Parry, O. Canziani, J. Palutikof, P. van der Linden, and C. Hanson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. This is the most comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of the impacts of climate change, the vulnerability of natural and human environments, and the potential for response through adaptation.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contributions of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by B. Metz, O. R. Davidson, P. R. Bosch, R. Dave, and L. A. Meyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. This is the most comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of mitigation of future climate change.

Interrante, Leonard V., Lawrence A. Casper, and Arthur B. Ellis. Materials Chemistry: An Emerging Discipline. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society, 1995. A college-level introduction to material science.

James, loan. Remarkable Physicists: From Galileo to Yukawa. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Contains brief biographies of 50 physicists spanning a period of 250 years, focusing on the lives rather than the science.

Kusky, T. M. Asteroids and Meteorites: Catastrophic Collisions with Earth, The Hazardous Earth Set. New York: Facts On File, 2009. A comprehensive account of asteroids, meteorites, and the effects of their collisions with Earth, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

-. Climate Change: Shifting Glaciers, Deserts, and Climate Belts, The Hazardous Earth Set.

New York: Facts On File, 2008. A comprehensive account of short-, medium-, and long-term climate change and what drives changes in climate, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

-. The Coast: Hazardous Interactions within the Coastal Environment, The Hazardous Earth Set. New York: Facts on File, 2008. A comprehensive account of hurricanes, coastal erosion, land subsidence, and rising sea levels, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

-. Earthquakes: Plate Tectonics and Earthquake Hazards, The Hazardous Earth Set. New York: Facts on File, 2008. A comprehensive account of earthquakes and their causes, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

-. Encyclopedia of Earth and Space Science.

2 vols. New York: Facts On File, 2009. Contains more than 200 entries on topics related to the NSES content standards for grades 9-12, a chronology, glossary, and further resources.

-. Floods: Hazards of Surface and Ground-

water Systems, The Hazardous Earth Set. New York: Facts On File, 2008. A comprehensive account of the Earth's hydrosphere, including floods, groundwater contamination, and other water issues, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

-. Geologic Hazards, A Sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

-. Landslides: Mass Wasting, Soil, and Mineral

Hazards, The Hazardous Earth Set. New York: Facts On File, 2008. A comprehensive account of landslides and hazards including contaminants in soils, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

-. Tsunamis: Giant Waves from the Sea, The

Hazardous Earth Set. New York: Facts On File, 2008. A comprehensive account of tsunamis, including the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

-. Volcanoes: Eruptions and Other Volcanic

Hazards, The Hazardous Earth Set. New York: Facts On File, 2008. A comprehensive account of volcanic eruptions and their consequences, illustrated with many examples for high school and college students.

Leiter, Darryl J. A to Z of Physicists. New York: Facts On File, 2003. Profiles more than 150 physicists, discussing their research and contributions. Includes bibliography, cross-references, and chronology.

Leopold, L. B. A View of the River. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1994. This is a layman's description of river systems.

Lerner, K. Lee, and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, eds. Gale Encyclopedia of Science. 4th ed. 6 vols. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group, 2007. Provides an overview of current knowledge in all major areas of science, engineering, technology, mathematics, and the medical and health sciences, consisting of alphabetical entries of scientific concepts and terms.

Longshore, D. Encyclopedia of Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Cyclones. New Ed. New York: Facts On File, 1998. A comprehensive encyclopedia of hurricanes written for college and high school audiences and the general public.

Nemeh, Katherine H., ed. American Men and Women of Science: A Biographical Dictionary of Today's Leaders in Physical, Biological, and Related Sciences. 25th ed. 8 vols. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale, 2008. Brief profiles of nearly 135,000 living scientists.

Oakes, Elizabeth H. Encyclopedia of World Scientists. Rev. ed. 2 vols. New York: Facts On File, 2007. Profiles nearly 1,000 scientists from around the world.

Ritter, D. F., R. C. Kochel, and J. R. Miller. Process Geomorphology. 3rd ed. Dubuque, Iowa: W.C. Brown, 1995. This is a comprehensive book describing modern views on geomorphology and river system dynamics.

Rosen, Joe, and Lisa Q. Gothard. Encyclopedia of Physical Science. 2 vols. New York: Facts On File, 2009. Contains more than 200 entries on topics related to the NsEs content standards for grades 9-12, a chronology, glossary, and further resources.

Trefil, James. From Atoms to Quarks: An Introduction to the Strange World of Particle Physics. Rev. ed. New York: Anchor Books, 1994. A primer on this complex subject written for general readers.

united states Environmental Protection Agency and Centers for Disease Control. A Citizen's Guide to Radon: The Guide to Protecting Yourself and Your Family from Radon. 2nd ed. EPA 402-K92-001, 1992. A general interest booklet on how to check for and reduce the risk of radon in homes and the environment.


The ABCs of Nuclear science. Nuclear science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Available online. URL: http://www.lbl.gov/abc/. Accessed July 22, 2008. Introduces the basics of nuclear science—nuclear structure, radioactivity, cosmic rays, antimatter, and more.

American Chemical Society. Available online. URL: http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content. Accessed July 22, 2008. Home page of ACS. Includes useful resources under education and information about new areas in chemistry.

American Geological Institute Government Affairs Program. Available online. URL: http://www. agiweb.org/gap/index.html. Accessed February 4, 2009. The AGI Government Affairs Program (GAP), established in 1992, serves as an important link between the federal government and the geoscience community. Through Congressional workshops, testimony, letters, and meetings, GAP ensures that the voices of the AGI Member Societies are heard on Capitol Hill and in the executive branch. At the same time, GAP is working to improve the flow of geo-science information to policy-makers. Equally important is the program's mission of providing federal science-policy information back to the member societies and the geoscience community at large.

American Institute of Physics: Center for History of Physics. AIP, 2004. Available online. URL: http://www.aip.org/history/. Accessed July 22, 2008. Visit the "Exhibit Hall" to learn about events such as the discovery of the electron or read selected papers of great American physicists.

American Museum of Natural History home page. Available online. URL: http://www.amnh.org/. Accessed February 6, 2008. Contains links for research conducted by the museum, and updates on scientific topics.

American Physical Society. A Century of Physics. Available online. URL: http://timeline.aps.org/. Accessed July 22, 2008. Wonderful, interactive timeline describing major events in the development of modern physics.

-. Physics Central. Available online. URL:

http://www.physicscentral.com/. Accessed July 22, 2008. Updated daily with information on physics in the news, current research, and people in physics.

Astronomy Today. Available online. URL: http:// www.astronomytoday.com/. Accessed February 5, 2009. Web site on news and interesting topics in astronomy.

Dinosaur Extinction Page. Available online. URL: http://web.ukonline.co.uk/a.buckley/dino.htm Accessed February 4, 2009. Web site offers short summaries of some theories of dinosaur extinction, including meteorite impacts and volcanic eruptions.

Fear of Physics. Available online. URL: http://www. fearofphysics.com/. Accessed July 22, 2008. Entertaining way to review physics concepts.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. Available online. URL: http://www.fema.gov. Accessed February 4, 2009. FEMA is the nation's premier agency that deals with emergency management and preparation and issues warnings and evacuation orders when disasters appear imminent. FEMA maintains a Web site that is updated at least daily, including information on hurricanes, floods, fires, national flood insurance, and information on disaster prevention, preparation, and emergency management. Divided into national and regional sites. Also contains information on costs of disasters, maps, and directions on how to do business with FEMA. FEMA, 500 C Street, SW, Washington, D.C. 20472.

Geology.com. Available online. URL: http://geology. com/. A Web site with geological news, educational links, photos, maps, and links to careers.

Global Volcanism Network, Museum of Natural History E-421, Smithsonian Institution. Available online. URL: http://www.volcano.si.edu/. Accessed February 4, 2009. The Global Volcanism Program (GVP) seeks better understanding of all volcanoes through documenting their eruptions—small as well as large—during the last 10,000 years. The range of volcanic behavior is great enough, and volcano lifetimes are long enough, that we must integrate observations of contemporary activity with historical and geological records of the recent past in order to prepare wisely for the future. By building a global framework of volcanism over thousands of years, and by stimulating documentation of current activity, the GVN attempts to provide a context in which any individual volcano's benefits and dangers can be usefully assessed. GVP also plays a central role in the rapid dissemination of information about ongoing volcanic activity on Earth by publishing eruption reports from local observers in the monthly Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Available online. URL: http://www.ipcc.ch/index.htm. Accessed January 30, 2008. The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). The IPCC is open to all member countries of WMO and UNEP. Governments participate in plenary sessions of the IPCC where main decisions about the IPCC work program are taken and reports are accepted, adopted, and approved. They also participate in the review of IPCC Reports. The IPCC includes hundreds of scientists from all over the world who contribute to the work of the IPCC as authors, contributors, and reviewers. As a United Nations body, the IPCC aims at the promotion of the United Nations human development goals. The IPCC was established to provide the decision makers and others interested in climate change with an objective source of information about climate change. The IPCC does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate-related data or parameters. Its role is to assess on a comprehensive, objective, open and transparent basis the latest scientific, technical and socioeconomic literature produced worldwide relevant to the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change, its observed and projected impacts, and options for adaptation and mitigation. IPCC reports should be neutral with respect to policy, although they need to deal objectively with policy-relevant scientific, technical, and socioeconomic factors. They should be of high scientific and technical standards and aim to reflect a range of views, expertise, and wide geographical coverage.

Jones, Andrew Zimmerman. "Physics." About, Inc., 2004. Available online. URL: http://physics.about. com. Accessed July 22, 2008. Contains regular feature articles and much additional information.

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Tsunami Society. Available online. URL: http://library.lanl.gov/tsu-nami/. Accessed March 28, 2007. Site publishes an online journal in pdf format available for download, called the International Journal of the Tsunami Society. The journal comes out between two and five times per year.

National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA). Earth Observatory. URL: http://earthob-servatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/. Accessed August 26, 2006. Earth scientists around the world use NASA satellite imagery to better understand the causes and effects of natural hazards. This site posts many public domain images to help people visualize where and when natural hazards occur and to help mitigate their effects. All images in this section are freely available to the public for reuse or republication.

National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA). Near-Earth Object Program. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, California 91109, (818) 354-4321. Available Online. URL: http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/. Accessed February 4, 2009. In 1998 NASA initiated a program called the "Near-Earth Object Program," whose aim is to catalog potentially hazardous asteroids that could present a hazard to Earth. This program uses five large telescopes to search the skies for asteroids that pose a threat to Earth and to calculate their mass and orbits. So far, the largest potential threat known is from asteroid 99AN10, which has a mass of 2.2 billion tons and may pass within the orbit of the moon, at 7:10 a.m., August 7, 2027. NASA has another related program called "Deep Impact," designed to collect data on the composition of a comet named Tempel 1, which will be passing beyond the orbit of Mars. The comet is roughly the size of mid-town Manhattan, and the spacecraft will be shooting an object at the comet to determine its density by observing the characteristics of the impact.

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Hazards research. Available online. http://ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/hazard/tsu.html Accessed March 28, 2007. Web site about hazards, including tsunamis, volcanoes, hurricanes, and droughts.

National oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Home page. Available online. URL: http://www. noaa.gov. Accessed July 22, 2008. A useful site for all areas of environmental research.

National Weather Service. Available Online. URL: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures/ffbro. htm. Accessed December 10, 2007. The National Weather Service, FEMA, and the Red Cross maintain a Web site dedicated to describing how to prepare for floods, describing floods of various types, with in-depth descriptions of warnings and types of emergency kits that families should keep in their homes.

Natural Hazards Observer. Available online. URL: http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/oZ. Accessed February 4, 2009. This Web site is the online version of the periodical, The Natural Hazards Observer. The Observer is the bimonthly periodical of the Natural Hazards Center. It covers current disaster issues; new international, national, and local disaster management, mitigation, and education programs; hazards research; political and policy developments; new information sources and Web sites; upcoming conferences; and recent publications. Distributed to more than 15,000 subscribers in the United States and abroad via printed copies of their Web site, the Observer focuses on news regarding human adaptation and response to natural hazards and other catastrophic events and provides a forum for concerned individuals to express opinions and generate new ideas through invited personal articles.

The Particle Adventure: The Fundamentals of Matter and Force. The Particle Data Group of the

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 2002. Available online. URL: http://particleadventure. org/. Accessed July 22, 2008. Interactive tour of quarks, neutrinos, antimatter, extra dimensions, dark matter, accelerators, and particle detectors.

SciTechDaily Review. Available online. URL: http:// www.scitechdaily.com/. Accessed February 10,

2008. Regularly updated science and technology coverage.

United States Environmental Protection Agency. Available online. URL: http://www.epa.gov. Accessed December 10, 2007. The EPA works with other government agencies and private organizations to monitor groundwater quality and contamination, superfund sites, and subsidence.

U.S. Geological Survey. Available online. URL: U.S. Department of the Interior, 345 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025; also, offices in Reston, Virginia, and Denver, Colorado; Main Offices URL: http://www.usgs.gov. Accessed February 4, 2009. Earthquake Hazards Program monitors recent earthquakes worldwide. The USGS is responsible for making maps of many of the different types of earthquake hazards discussed in this book, including earthquake-related shaking hazards, tsunamis, landslides, and others. This site also provides answers to frequently asked questions about earthquakes URL: http://earth-quake.usgs.gov/. Accessed February 4, 2009. U.S. Geological Survey, National Earthquake Information Center, Federal Center, Box 25046, MS 967, Denver, CO 80225-0046, U.S.A.

Volcanoworld. Available online. URL: http://vol-cano.oregonstate.edu/. Accessed February 4,

2009. Presents updated information about eruptions and volcanoes and has many interactive pages designed for different grade levels from kindergarten through college and professional levels. Volcanoworld is an award-winning Web site, designed as a collaborative Higher Education, K-12, and Public Outreach project of the North Dakota and Oregon Space Grant Consortia administered by the Department of Geosci-ences at Oregon State University.

Windows to the Universe team. Fundamental Physics. Boulder, Colo.: ©2000-04 University Corporation of Atmospheric Research (UCAR), ©1995-99, 2000 The Regents of the University of Michigan. Available online. URL: http://www. windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/physical_science/ physics/physics.html. Accessed July 22, 2008. Still under construction, this site will contain a broad overview of physics and already has many links to physics topics including mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermal physics, and atomic and particle physics.


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