Deltas

When a stream enters the relatively still water of a lake or the ocean, its velocity and capacity to hold sediment drop suddenly. Thus the stream dumps its sediment load here, and the resulting deposit is known as a delta. Where a coarse sediment load of an alluvial fan dumps its load in a delta, the deposit is known as a fan-delta. Braid-deltas are formed when braided streams meet local base level and deposit their coarse-grained load. When a stream deposits its load in a delta, it first drops the coarsest material, then progressively finer material farther out, forming a distinctive sedimentary deposit. The resulting fore-set layer is thus graded from coarse nearshore to fine offshore. The bottomset layer consists of the finest material, deposited far out. As this material continues to build outward, the stream must extend its length and forms new deposits, known as topset layers, on top of all this. most of the world's large rivers—the

Mississippi, Nile, and Ganges—have built huge deltas at their mouths, yet all of these differ in detail.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Survive The End Of The World

How To Survive The End Of The World

Preparing for Armageddon, Natural Disasters, Nuclear Strikes, the Zombie Apocalypse, and Every Other Threat to Human Life on Earth. Most of us have thought about how we would handle various types of scenarios that could signal the end of the world. There are plenty of movies on the subject, psychological papers, and even survivalists that are part of reality TV shows. Perhaps you have had dreams about being one of the few left and what you would do in order to survive.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment