Restricted vents of gas bearing fluids are a widespread phenomenon both at continental margins and in internal and border seas. These fluid discharges from the seafloor are unique, natural foci for the formation of gas hydrates.

Acknowledgement: This work was performed with support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grants 02-05-64346 and NO 02-05-06321).

References additional to the combined references.

Dimitrov, L. 2001. Personal communication.

Ginsburg, G.D., Gramberg, I.S., Guliev, I.S., Guseinov, R.A., Dadashev, A.A., Ivanov, V.L., Krotov, A.G., Muradov, Ch.S , Soloviev, V.A. & Telepnev, E.V. 1988. Subsea mud volcano type of gas hydrate accumulation (in Russian). Doklady AN SSSR (Reports of USSR Academy of Sciences), 300 (2), 416-418. Ginsburg, G.D., Kremlev, A.N., Grigor'ev, M.N., Larkin, G.V., Pavlenkin, A.D. & Saltykova, N.A. 1990. Filtrogenic gas hydrates in the Black Sea. Sov. Geol. Geophys. (Geol. Geofiz.), 31(3), 8-16.

Maekawa, T., Imai, N. 2000. Hydrogen and oxygen isotope fractionation in water during gas hydrate formation. In: Holder, G.B., Bishnoi, P.R. (Eds.), Gas Hydrates: challenges for the future. Annals of N.Y. Academy of Sciences, 912, 452-459. Matveeva, T.V., Kaulio, V., Mazurenko, L., Klerkx, Soloviev, V.A., Khlystov, O. & Kalmychkov, G. 2000. Geological and geochemical characteristic of near-bottom gas hydrate occurrence in the southern basin of the Lake Baikal, Siberia. Shallow Gas Group/VNIIOkeangeologia. Abstr.Vol. 6th Int. Conf. Gas in Marine Sediments, 5-9 September 2000, St. Petersburg. Mazurenko, L.L., and Soloviev, V.A. 2002. The nature of gas hydrate-forming mud volcano fluids. Proceedings IV-th International Conference on Gas Hydrates, V. 1, Yokohama, Japan, 80-83.

Sakai, H., Gamo, T., Kim, E-S., Tsutsum, M., Tanaka, T., Ishibashi, J., Wakita, H., Yamano, M. & Oomori, T. 1990. Venting of carbon dioxide-rich fluid and hydrate formation in Mid-Okinawa Trough Backarc Basin. Science, 248, 1093-1096. Scholl, D.W. & Cooper, A.K. 1978. VAMP's - possible hydrocarbonbearing structures in Bering

Sea basin. AAPG Bulletin, 62: 2481-2488. Soloviev, V.A. &Ginsburg, G.D. 1994. Formation of submarine gas hydrates. Bulletin Geological

Society of Denmark, 41, 89-94. Suess, E., von Huene R., et al. 1988. Proc. ODP, Initerum Reports 112. College Station, TX.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment