Adcock GJ, Dennis ES, Easteal S, Huttley GA, Jermin LS, Peacock WJ, Thorne A (2001) Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: Implications for modern human origins. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:537-542 Bidle KD, Lee S, Marchant DR, Falkowski PG (2007) Fossil genes and microbes in the oldest ice on Earth. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104:13455-13460 Cano RJ, Borucki MK (1995) Revival and identification of bacterial spores in 25- to 40-million-

year-old Dominican amber. Science 268:1060-1064 Cano RJ, Poinar HN, Poinar Jr GO (1992a) Isolation and partial characterisation of DNA from the bee Proplebeia dominicana (Apidae: Hymenoptera) in 25-40 million-year-old amber. Med Sci Res 20:249-251

Cano RJ, Poinar HN, Roublik DW, Poinar GO Jr (1992b) Enzymatic amplification and nucleotide sequencing of portions of the 18S rRNA gene of the bee Proplebeia dominicana (Apidae: Hymenoptera) isolated from 25-40 million-year-old Dominican amber. Med Sci Res 20:619-622

Cano RJ, Poinar HN, Pieniezak, NS, Poinar Jr GO (1993) Enzymatic amplification and nucleotide sequencing of DNA from 120-135 million-year-old weevil. Nature 363:536-538 Cooper A (1993) DNA from museum specimens. In: Herrmann B, Hummel S (eds) Ancient DNA.

Springer, New York, pp 149-165 Cooper A, Poinar HN (2001) Ancient DNA: Do it right or not at all. Science 18:289 DeSalle R (1994) Implications of ancient DNA for phylogenetic studies. Experientia 50:543-550

DeSalle R, Gatesy J, Wheeler W, Grimaldi D (1992) DNA Sequences from a fossil termite in

Oligo-Miocene amber and their phylogenetic implications. Science 257:1933-1936 DeSalle R, Barcia M, Wray C (1993) PCR jumping in clones of 30-million-year-old DNA fragments from amber preserved termites (Mastotermes electrodominicus). Experientia 49:906-909

Fish SA, Shepherd TJ, McGenity TJ, Grant WD (2002) Recovery of 16S ribosomal RNA gene fragments from ancient halite. Nature 417:432-436 Gilbert MTP, Barnes I, Collins MJ, Smith C, Eklund J, Goudsmit J, Poinar H, Cooper A (2005a) News and Comments: The long-term survival of ancient DNA in Egypt: Response to Zink and Nerlich. Am J Phys Anth 128:110-114 Gilbert MTP, Bandelt H, Hofreiter M, Barnes I (2005b) Assessing ancient DNA studies. Trends Ecol Evol 20:541-544

Goldenberg EM, Giannassi DE, Clegg MT, Smiley CJ, Durbin M, Henderson D, Zurawski G

(1990) Chloroplast DNA from a Miocene Magnolia species. Nature 344:656-658 Graur D, Pupko T (2001) The Permian bacterium that isn't. Mol Biol Evol 18:1143-1146 Haile J, Holdaway R, Oliver K, Bunce M, Gilbert MTP, Nielsen R, Munch K, Ho SYW, Willerslev E (2007) Ancient DNA chronology within sediment deposits: Are paleobiological reconstructions possible and is DNA leaching a factor? Mol Biol Evol 24:982-989 Handt O, Höss M, Krings M, Pääbo S (1994) Ancient DNA: Methodological challenges. Experientia 50:524-529

Hansen AJ, Mitchel DL, R0nn R, Wiuf C, Paniker L, Biladen J, Brand TB, Gilichinsky DA, Willerslev E (2006) Crosslinks rather than strand breaks determine access to ancient DNA sequences from frozen sediments. Genetics 2:1175-1179 Hebsgaard MB, Phillips MJ, Willerslev E (2005) Geologically ancient DNA: Fact or artefact?

Trends Microbiol 13:212-220 Hebsgaard MB, Wiuf C, Gilbert MTP, Glenner H, Willerslev E (2007) Evaluating Neandertal genetics and phylogeny. J Mol Evol 64:50-60 Hofreiter M, Jaenicke V, Serre S, von Haeseler A, Pääbo S (2001a) DNA sequences from multiple amplifications reveal artifacts induced by cytosine deamination in ancient DNA. Nucl Acid Res 29:4793-47799

Hofreiter M, Serre D, Poinar HN, Kuch M, Pääbo S (2001b) Ancient DNA. Nature Rev Genet 2:353-360

Johnson SS, Hebsgaard MB, Christensen TR, Mastepanov M, Nielsen R, Munch K, Brand TB, Gilbert MTP, Zuber MT, Bunce M, R0nn R, Gilichinsky D, Froese DG, Willerslev E (2007) Ancient bacteria show evidence of DNA repair. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104:14401-14405 Kennedy MJ, Reader SL, Swierczynski LM (1994) Preservation records of microorganisms:

Evidence of the tenacity of life. Microbiology 140:2513-2529 Kim S, Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Sue Y (2004) DNA sequences from Miocene fossils: An ndhF sequence of Magnolia latahensis (Magnoliaceae) and an rbcL sequence of Persea pseudocaro-linensis (Lauraceae). Am J Bot 91:615-620 Krings M, Stone A, Schmitz RW, Krainitzki H, Stoneking M, Pääbo S (1997) Neandertal DNA

sequences and the origin of modern humans. Cell 90:19-30 Krings M, Geisert H, Schmitz R, Krainitzki H, Pääbo S (1999) DNA sequence of the mitochondrial hypervariable region II from the Neanderthal type specimen. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:5581-5585

Krings M, Capelli C, Tschentscher F, Geisert H, Meyer S, von Haeseler A, Grossschmidt K, Possnert G, Paunovic M, Pääbo S (2000) A view of Neandertal genetic diversity. Nature Genet 26:144-146

Lalueza-Fox C, Sampietro ML, Caramelli D, Puder Y, Lari M, Calafell F, Martínez-Maza C, Bastir M, Fortea J, de la Rasilla M, Bertranpetit J, Rosas A (2005) Neandertal evolutionary genetics: Mitochondrial DNA data from the Iberian peninsula. Mol Biol Evol 22:1077-1081 Lambert DM, Ritchie PA, Millar CD, Holland BJ, Drummond A, Baroni C (2001) Rates of evolution in ancient DNA from Adelie penguins. Science 295:2270-2273 Lindahl T (1993) Instability and decay of the primary structure of DNA. Nature 362:709-715 Marota I, Rollo F (2002) Molecular paleontology. Cell Mol Life Sci 59:97-111 Morgan-Richards M, Trewick SA, Wallis GP (2001) Chromosome races with Pliocene origins:

Evidence from mtDNA. Nature 86:303-312 Morita RY (2000) Is H2 the universal energy source for long-term survival? Microb Ecol 38:307-320

Nicholson WL, Munakata N, Horneck G, Melosh HJ, Setlow P (2000) Resistance of bacterial endospores to extreme terrestrial and extraterrestrial environments. Mol Biol Rev 64:548-572

Nickle DC, Learn GH, Rain MW, Mullins JI, Mittler JE (2002) Curiously modern DNA for a "250

Million-Year-Old" bacterium. J Mol Evol 54:134-137 Ovchinnikov I, Götherström A, Romanova G, Kharitonov V, Lidén K, Goodwin W (2000)

Molecular analysis of Neanderthal DNA from the northern Caucasus. Nature 404:490-493 Pääbo S (1989) Ancient DNA; extraction characterization molecular cloning and enzymatic amplification. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86:1939-1943 Pääbo S, Wilson AC (1988) Polymerase chain reaction reveals cloning artefacts. Nature 334:387-388

Pääbo S, Poinar H, Serre D, Jaenicke-Després V, Hebler J, Rohland N, Kuch M, Krause J, Vigilant

L, Hofreiter M (2004) Genetic analyses from ancient DNA. Annu Rev Genet 38:645-79 Poinar HN, Poinar Jr GO, Cano RJ (1993) DNA from an extinct plant. Nature 363:677

Poinar HN, Höss M, Bada JL, Pääbo S (1996) Amino acid racemization and the preservation of ancient DNA. Science 272:864-866 Pusch CM, Bachmann L (2004) Spiking of contemporary human template DNA with ancient DNA extracts induces mutations under PCR and generates non-authentic mitochondrial sequences. Mol Biol Evol 21:957-964 Rivkina EM, Friedmann EI, McKay CP, Gilichinsky DA (2000) Metabolic activity of permafrost bacteria below the freezing point. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:3230-3233 Rollo F, Marota I (1999) How microbial ancient DNA found in association with human remains can be interpreted. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 354:111-119 Schmitz RW, Serre D, Bonani G, Feine S, Hillgruber F, Krainitzki H, Pääbo S, Smith FH (2002) The Neanderthal type-site revisited: Interdisciplinary investigations of skeletal remains from the Neander Valley Germany. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:13342-13347 Serre D, Langaney A, Chech M, Teschler-Nicola M, Paunovic M, Mennecier P, Hofreiter M, Possnert G, Pääbo S (2004) No evidence of Neandertal mtDNA contribution to early modern humans. PLOS Biol 2:313-317. Shapiro B, Drummond A, Rambaut A, Pybus O, Gilbert MTP, Wilson M, Matheus P, Sher A, Binladen J, Willerslev E, Hansen AJ, Barnes I, Kunz M, Harington CR, Tedford R, Stephenson R, Burns J, Storer J, Baryshnikov GF, Chenqi L, Zimov S, Vorobiev AA, Guthrie D, Driver JC, Martin LD, Cooper A (2004) The impact of large-scale climate change on genetic diversity in large mammal populations. Science 306:1561-1565 Smith CI, Chamberlain AT, Riley MS, Cooper A, Stringer CB, Collins MJ (2001) Neanderthal

DNA: Not just old but old and cold? Nature 10:771-772 Soltis PS, Soltis DE, Smiley CJ (1992) An rbcL sequence from a Miocene Taxodium (bald cypress). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:449-451 Vreeland RH, Rosenzweig WD (2002) The question of uniqueness of ancient bacteria. J Ind

Microbiol Biotechnol 28:32-41 Vreeland RH, RosenzweigWD, Powers DW (2000) Isolation of a 250 million-year-old halotoler-

ant bacterium from a primary salt crystal. Nature 407:897-900 Willerslev E, Cooper A (2005) Ancient DNA. Proc R Soc London B 272:3-16 Willerslev E, Hebsgaard MB (2005) New evidence for 250 Ma age of halotolerant bacterium from a Permian salt crystal: Comment. Geology, published Online: November 2005, doi 10.1130/0091-7613(2005)31 2.0.CO;2 Willerslev E, Hansen AJ, Brand TB, Binladen J, Gilbert TMP, Shaperio B, Bunce M, Wiuf C, Gilichinsky DA, Cooper A (2003) Diverse plant and animal DNA from Holocene and Pleistocene sedimentary records. Science 300:792-795 Willerslev E, Hansen AJ, Brand TB, R0nn R, Barnes I, Wiuf C, Gilichinsky DA, Mitchell D,

Cooper A (2004a) Long-term persistence of bacterial DNA. Curr Biol 14:R9-R10 Willerslev E, Hansen AJ, Poinar HN (2004b) Isolation of nucleic acids and cultures from ice and permafrost. Trends Ecol Evol 19:141-147 Willerslev E, Cappellini E, Boomsma W, Nielsen R, Hebsgaard MB, Brand TB, Hofreiter M, Bunce M, Poinar HN, Dahl-Jensen D, Johnsen S, Steffensen JP, Bennike O, Funder S, Schwenninger J-L, Nathan R, Armitage S, Barker J, Sharp M, Penkman KEH, Haile J, Taberlet P, Gilbert MTP, Casoli A, Campani E, Collins MJ (2007) Ancient biomolecules from deep ice cores reveal a forested southern Greenland. Science 317:111 Woodward SR, Weyand NJ, Bunell M (1994) DNA sequence from Cretaceous period bone fragments. Science 266:1229-1232

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Oplan Termites

Oplan Termites

You Might Start Missing Your Termites After Kickin'em Out. After All, They Have Been Your Roommates For Quite A While. Enraged With How The Termites Have Eaten Up Your Antique Furniture? Can't Wait To Have Them Exterminated Completely From The Face Of The Earth? Fret Not. We Will Tell You How To Get Rid Of Them From Your House At Least. If Not From The Face The Earth.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment