References

Abyzov SS, Mitskevich IN, Poglazova MN (1998) Microflora of the deep glacier horizons of

Central Antarctica. Microbiology 67:451-458 Andreeva B (1998) Soil aerophyl green algae (Chlorophyta: Tetrasporales, Chlorococcales, Chlorosarcinales). Nauka, Sankt-P etersburg

Boyd SR (2001) Ammonium as a biomarker in Precambrian metasediments. Precambrian Res 108:159-173

Brown R, Bold H (1964) Comparative studies of the algal genera Tetracystis and Chlorococcum.

University of Texas Publications, Dallas Campbell IB, Claridge GGC (1987) Antarctica: Soils, weathering processes, and environment. Elsevier, Amsterdam

Codony F, Miranda AM, Mas J (2003) Persistence and proliferation of some unicellular algae in drinking water systems as result of their heterotrophic metabolism. Water SA 29:113-116 Comte K, Sabacka M, Carre-Mlouka A, Elster J, Komarek J (2007) Relationships between the Arctic and the Antarctic cyanobacteria; three Phormidium-like strains evaluated by a polypha-sic approach. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 59:366-376 Douglas SE (1998) Plastid evolution: Origins, diversity, trends. Curr Opin Genet Dev 8:655-661 El-Sayed S, Fryxell G (1993) Phytoplankton. In: Friedmann EI (ed) Antarctic microbiology.

Wiley-Liss, New York, pp 65-122 Erokhina LG, Vishnivetskaya TA, Gilichinskii DA (1998) The content and composition of phyco-bilisome pigments in cells of ancient viable cyanobacteria from Arctic permafrost. Microbiology 67:682-687

Erokhina LG, Spirina EV, Gilichinskii DA (1999) Accumulation of phycobiliproteins in cells of ancient cyanobacteria from arctic permafrost as dependent on the nitrogen source for growth. Microbiology 68:628-631 Erokhina LG, Spirina EV, Shatilovich AV, Gilichinskii DA (2000) Chromatic adaptation of viable ancient cyanobacteria from Arctic permafrost. Microbiology 69:855-856 Erokhina LG, Shatilovich AV, Kaminskaya OP, Gilichinskii DA (2004) Spectral properties of ancient green algae from Antarctic Dry Valley permafrost. Microbiology 73:485-487 Fawley MW, Fawley KP (2004) A simple and rapid technique for the isolation of DNA from microalgae. J Phycol 40:223-225 Friedmann EI (1982) Endolithic microorganisms in the Antarctic cold desert. Science 215:1045-1053

Friedmann EI, Ocampo-Friedmann R (1976) Endolitic blue-green-algae in Dry Valleys (Antarctica). J Phycol 12:20-20

Friedmann EI, Ocampo R (1977) Endolithic algae in Antarctic cold desert. J Phycol 13:22-22 Getsen M (1990) Algae as a constitution base for life of highlatitude ecosystems. Bot J 75:1641-1647

Gilichinsky D (2002) Permafrost as a microbial habitat. In: Bitton G (ed) Encyclopedia of environmental microbiology. Wiley, New York, pp 932-956 Gilichinsky DA, Soina VS, Petrova MA (1993) Cryoprotective properties of water in the Earth cryolitosphere and its role in exobiology. Orig Life Evol Biosph 23:65-75 Gilichinsky D, Vishnivetskaya T, Petrova M, Spirina E, Mamikin V, Rivkina E (2007a) Bacteria in Permafrost. In: Margesin R, Schinner F, Marx J-C, Gerday C (eds) Psychrophiles: From biodiversity to biotechnology. Springer, Berlin, pp 83-102 Gilichinsky DA, Wilson GS, Friedmann EI, McKay CP, Sletten RS, Rivkina EM, Vishnivetskaya TA, Erokhina LG, Ivanushkina NE, Kochkina GA, Shcherbakova VA, Soina VS, Spirina EV, Vorobyova EA, Fyodorov-Davydov DG, Hallet B, Ozerskaya SM, Sorokovikov VA, Laurinavichyus KS, Shatilovich A, Chanton JP, Ostroumov VE, Tiedje JM (2007b) Microbial Populations in Antarctic permafrost: Biodiversity, state, age, and implication for astrobiology. Astrobiology 7:275-311 Gollerbakh M, Shtina E (1969) Soil algae [in Russian]. Nauka, Leningrad Graham LE (1996) Green algae to land plants: An evolutionary transition. J Plant Res 109:241-251

Harris SA (1986) The permafrost environment. Barnes & Noble Books, Towowa New York Janssen H, Bock E (1994) Profiles of ammonium, nitrite and nitrate in the permafrost soils. In: Gilichinsky D (ed) Viable microorganisms in permafrost. Pushchino Research Centre Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, pp 27-36

Juck DF, Whissell G, Steven B, Pollard W, McKay CP, Greer CW, Whyte LG (2005) Utilization of fluorescent microspheres and a green fluorescent protein-marked strain for assessment of microbiological contamination of permafrost and ground ice core samples from the Canadian High Arctic. Appl Environ Microbiol 71:1035-1041 Khlebnikova GM, Gilichinskii DA, Fedorov-Davydov DG, Vorob'eva EA (1990) Quantitative-evaluation of microorganisms in permafrost deposits and buried soils. Microbiology 59:106-112

Komarenko L, Vasil'eva I (1978) The fresh-water green algae from reservoirs of Yakutia. Nauka, Moscow

Krienitz L, Hegewald E, Hepperle D, Wolf M (2003) The systematics of coccoid green algae: 18S

rRNA gene sequence data versus morphology. Biologia 58:437-446 Malone TC, Garside C, Anderson R, Roels OA (1973) Possible occurrence of photosynthetic microorganisms in deep-sea sediments of North-Atlantic. J Phycol 9:482-488 Margulis L (1993) Symbiosis in cell evolution: Microbial communities in the Archean and

Proterozoic eons. Freeman, New York Nienow J, Friedmann EI (1993) Terrestrial lithophytic (rock) communities. In: Friedmann EI (ed)

Antarctic microbiology. Wiley-Liss, New York, pp 343-412 Nubel U, GarciaPichel F, Muyzer G (1997) PCR primers to amplify 16S rRNA genes from cyano-

bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:3327-3332 O'Sullivan LA, Weightman AJ, Fry JC (2002) New degenerate Cytophaga-Flexibacter-Bacteroides-specific 16S ribosomal DNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes reveal high bacterial diversity in River Taff epilithon. Appl Environ Microbiol 68:201-210 Palmisano A, Garrison D (1993) Microorganisms in Antarctic sea ice. In: Friedmann EI (ed)

Antarctic microbiology. Wiley-Liss, New York, pp 167-218 Priscu JC, Fritsen CH, Adams EE, Giovannoni SJ, Paerl HW, McKay CP, Doran PT, Gordon DA, Lanoil BD, Pinckney JL (1998) Perennial Antarctic lake ice: An oasis for life in a polar desert. Science 280:2095-2098 Rippka R (1988) Isolation and purification of cyanobacteria. Meth Enzymol 167:3-27 Rippka R, Deruelles J, Waterbury JB, Herdman M, Stanier RY (1979) Generic assignments, strain histories and properties of pure cultures of cyanobacteria. J Gen Microbiol 111:1-61 Rivkina E, Gilichinsky D (1996) Methane as paleomarker of the genesis and dynamics of the permafrost. Lithol Miner 4:183-187 Rivkina E, Gilichinsky D, Wagener S, Tiedje J, McGrath J (1998) Biogeochemical activity of anaerobic microorganisms from buried permafrost sediments. Geomicrobiol J 15:187-193 Sabacka M, Elster J (2006) Response of cyanobacteria and algae from Antarctic wetland habitats to freezing and desiccation stress. Polar Biol 30:31-37 Saitou N, Nei M (1987) The neighbor-joining method - a new method for reconstructing phylo-

genetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4:406-425 Schopf JW, Packer BM (1987) Early Archean (3.3-billion to 3.5-billion-year-old) microorganisms from Warrawoona group, Australia. Science 237:70-73 Shi T, Reeves RH, Gilichinsky DA, Friedmann EI (1997) Characterization of viable bacteria from

Siberian permafrost by 16S rDNA sequencing. Microb Ecol 33:169-179 Sinclair JL, Ghiorse WC (1989) Distribution of aerobic-bacteria, protozoa, algae, and fungi in deep subsurface sediments. Geomicrobiol J 7:15-31 Skovgaard A (1996) Mixotrophy in Fragilidium subglobosum (Dinophyceae): Growth and grazing responses as functions of light intensity. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 143:247-253 Smoker JA, Barnum SR (1988) Rapid small-scale DNA Isolation from filamentous cyanobacteria.

FEMS Microbiol Lett 56:119-122 Tittel J, Bissinger V, Gaedke U, Kamjunke N (2005) Inorganic carbon limitation and mixotrophic growth in Chlamydomonas from an acidic mining lake. Protist 156:63-75 Vincent WF, Downes MT, Castenholz RW, Howardwilliams C (1993a) Community structure and pigment organization of cyanobacteria-dominated microbial mats in Antarctica. Eur J Phycol 28:213-221

Vincent WF, Howard-Williams C, Broady PA (1993b) Microbial communities and processes in Antarctic flowing waters. In: Friedmann EI (ed) Antarctic microbiology. Wiley-Liss, New York, pp 543-570

Vishniac H (1993) The microbiology of Antarctic soils. In: Friedmann EI (ed) Antarctic microbiology. Wiley-Liss, Inc, New York, pp 297-342 Vishnivetskaya TA, Erokhina LG, Spirina EV, Shatilovich AV, Vorobyova EA, Gilichinsky DA (2001) Ancient viable phototrophs within the permafrost. Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 123:427-442

Vishnivetskaya TA, Spirina EV, Shatilovich AV, Erokhina LG, Vorobyova EA, Gilichinsky DA (2003) The resistance of viable permafrost algae to simulated environmental stresses: Implications for astrobiology. Int J Astrobiol 2:171-177 Vishnivetskaya TA, Erokhina LG, Spirina EV, Shatilovich AV, Vorobyova EA, Tsapin AI, Gilichinsky DA (2005) Viable phototrophs: Cyanobacteria and green algae from the permafrost darkness. In: Castello JD, Rogers SO (eds) Life in ancient ice. Princeton University Press, Princeton, pp 140-158

Weisburg WG, Barns SM, Pelletier DA, Lane DJ (1991) 16S ribosomal DNA amplification for phylogenetic study. J Bacteriol 173:697-703 Willerslev E, Hansen AJ, Christensen B, Steffensen JP, Arctander P (1999) Diversity of Holocene life forms in fossil glacier ice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:8017-8021 Williams PJ, Smith MW (1989) The frozen earth. Fundamentals of geocryology (studies in polar research). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Wilson GS, Braddock P, Forman SL, Friedmann EI, Rivkina EM, Chanton JP, Gilichinsky DA, Fyodorov-Davidov DG, Ostroumov VE, Sorokovikov VA, Wizevich MC (1996) Coring for microbial records of Antarctic climate. Antarctic J US 31:83-86 Wynn-Williams DD (1990) Ecological aspects of Antarctic microbiology. In: Marshall KC (ed)

Advances in microbial ecology, vol 11. Kluwer, Dordecht, pp 71-146 Yoon HS, Hackett JD, Ciniglia C, Pinto G, Bhattacharya D (2004) A molecular timeline for the origin of photosynthetic eukaryotes. Mol Biol Evol 21:809-818 Zhmur SI, Gorlenko VM, Gerasimenko LM (1999) Comparative morphology of modern and ancient terrestrial bacteria and microfossils from carbonaceous meteorites. Microbiology 68:739-745

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment