References

Adl SM, Simpson AGB, Farmer MA, Andersen RA, Anderson RA, Barta J, Bowser S, Brugerolle G, Fensome R, Fredericq S, James TY, Karpov SA, Kugrens P, Krug J, Lane C, Lewis LA, Lodge J, Lynn DH, Mann D, McCourt RM, Mendoza L, Moestrup O, Mozley/Standridge SE, Nerad TA, Shearer C, Smirnov AV, Spiegel F, Taylor FJR (2005) The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. J Eukaryot Microbiol 52:399-432

Auer B, Arndt H (2001) Taxonomic composition and biomass of heterotrophic flagellates in relation to lake trophy and season. Freshwater Biol 46:959-972 Benitez L, Martín-Gonzalez A, Gutiérrez JC (1991) Protein glycosylation has an important role in the encystment process of the ciliate Colpoda inflata. Cell Biol Int Rep 15:221-228 Bobrov AA, Siegert Ch, Andreev AA, Schirrmeister L (2003) Testaceans (Protozoa: Testacea) in quaternary permafrost sediments of Bykovsky Peninsula, Arctic Yakutia. Biol Bull 30:191-206

Bradbury PC (1987) Protozoan adaptations for survival. In: Henis Y (ed) Survival and dormancy of microorganisms. Wiley, New York, pp 267-299 Butler HG (1999) Seasonal dynamics of the planktonic microbial community in a maritime

Antarctic lake undergoing eutrophication. J Plankton Res 21:2393-2419 Chavez-Munguia B, Omana-Molina M, Gonzalez-Lazaro M, Gonzalez-Robles A, Bonilla P, Martinez-Palomo A (2005) Ultrastructural stady of encystations and excyatation in Acanthamoeba castellanii. J Eukaryot Microbiol 52:1-6 Chernov YI (1984) Biologicheskije predposylki osvojenija arkticheskoj sredy organizmami raznyh taksonov. In: Chernov YI (ed) Faunogenez i filogenez. Nauka, Moscow, pp 154-174 (in Russian)

Chernov YI, Matveeva NV (2002) Landscape-zonal distribution of the Arctic biota species. Adv

Curr Biol 12:26-46 (in Russian) Clegg JS (1986) The physical properties and metabolic status of Anemia cysts at low water contents: the "water replacement hypothesis" In: Leopold AC (ed) Membranes, metabolism and dry organisms, 1st edn. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pp 169-187 Clegg JS (2001) Cryptobiosis - a peculiar state of biological organization. Comp Biochem Physiol 128:613-624

Corliss JO, Esser SC (1974) Comments on the role of the cyst in the life cycle and survival of free-living protozoa. Trans Am Microbiol Soc 93:578—583 De Jonckheere J (2006) Isolation and molecular identification of free-living amoebae of the genus

Naegleria from Arctic and sub-Antarctic regions. Eur J Protistol 42:115-123 De Jonckheere J, Van de Voorde H (1976) Differences in destruction of cysts of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Naegleria and Acanthamoeba by chlorine. Appl Environ Microbiol 31:294-297

Díaz S, Martín-González A, Borniquel S, Gutiérrez JC (2000) Cyrtolophosis elongate (Colpodea, Ciliophora): Some aspects of cilliary paterrn, division, cortical and nuclear changes during encystment and resting cyst ultrastructure. Eur J Protistol 36:367-378 Ekelund F, Patterson DJ (1997) Some heterotrophic flagellates from a cultivated garden soil in

Australia. Arch Protistenkd 148:461-478 Foissner W (1991a) Basic light and scanning electron microscopic methods for taxonomic studies of ciliated protozoa Eur J Protistol 27:313-330 Foissner W (1991b) Diversity and ecology of soil flagellates. In: Patterson DJ, Larsen J (eds) The biology of the free-living heterotrophic flagellates. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 93-112 Foissner W (1992) Estimating the species richness of soil protozoa using the "non-flooded petri dish method" In: Lee RJJ, Soldo AT (eds) Protocols in protozoology. Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, B-10.1-B-10.2

Foissner W (1993) Colpodea (Ciliophora). In: Matthes D (ed) Protozoenfauna. Fischer, Stuttgart, 777 pp

Foissner W (1996) Faunistics, taxonomy and ecology of moss and soil ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) from Antarctica, with description of new species, including Pleuroplitoides smithi gen.nov., sp.nov. Acta Protozool 35:95-123 Frenkel MA (1987) Fine structure of the resting cysts of the ciliate Colpoda steinii. Tsitologiya

29:131-140 (in Russian) Gilichinsky D, Wilson G, Friedmann EI, McKay C, Sletten R, Erokhina L, Fyodorov-Davydov D, Hallet B, Ivanushkina N, Kochkina G, Ozerskaya S, Rivkina E, Shcherbakova V, Soina V, Sorokovikov V, Spirina E, Vishnivetskaya T, Vorobyova E, Shatilovich A, Tiedje J (2007) Microbial populations in Antarctic permafrost: Implication for astrobiology. Astrobiology 7:275-311

Goldovskij AM (1986) Anabioz i jego prakticheskoje znachenije. Nauka, Leningrad, pp 169 (in Russian)

Goodney T (1914) Note on the retention of viability by protozoa from old stored soils. Ann Appl Biol 1:3850-299

Gubin SV (1994) Late Pleistocene soil formation in coastal Lowlands of Northern Yakutia.

Pochvovedenie 8:5-14 (in Russian) Gubin SV, Zanina OG, Maksimovich SV, Kuzmina SA, Zazhigin VS (2003a) Reconstruction of ice complex sediment formation conditions on the base of Late Pleistocene rodent burrow studying. Kriosfera Zemli 7:13-22 (in Russian) Gubin SV, Maksimovich SV, Davydov SP, Gilichinsky DA, Shatilovich AV, Spirina EV, Yashina SG (2003b) The possible contribution of Late Pleistocene biota to biodiversity in present permafrost zone. Zhurnal Obschej Biologii 64:160-165 (in Russian) Guppy M, Withers PH (1999) Metabolic depression in animals: Physiological perspectives and biochemical generalizations. Biol Rev 74:1-40 Gutierrez JC, Martín-González A, Matsusaka T (1990) Towards a generalized model of encyst-

ment (cryptobiosis) in ciliates: A review and hypothesis. Biosystems 24:17-24 Gutierrez JC, Callejas S, Borniquel S, Benitez L, Martin-Gonzalez A (2001) Ciliate cryptobiosis:

A microbial strategy against environmental starvation. Int Microbiol 4:151-157 Gutierrez JC, Díaz S, Ortega R, Mártin-González A (2003) Ciliate resting cyst walls: A comparative review. Recent Res Develop Microbiol 7:361-379 Hausmann K, Hulsmann N (1996) Protozoology. Thieme, Stuttgart

Hausmann K, Hulsmann N, Radek R (2003) Protistology. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Suttgart

Ikavalko J (1998) Further observations on fagellates within sea ice in northern Bothnian Bay, the

Baltic Sea. Polar Biol 19:323-329 Ikavalko J, Grandinger R (1997) Flagellates and heliozoans in the Greenland Sea ice studied alive using light microscopy. Polar Biol 17:473-481 Ikavalko J, Thomsen HA, Carstens MA (1996) Preliminary study of NE Greenland shallow melt-water ponds with particular emphasis on loricate and scale-covered forms (Choanoflagellida, Chrysoficeae sensu lato, Synurophyceae, Heliozoea), including the description of Epipyxis thamnoides sp. nov. and Pseudokephyrion poculiforme sp. nov. (Chrysophyceae). Arch Protistenkd 147:29-42

Izquierdo A, Martin-Gonzalez A, Díaz S, Gutiérrez JC (1999) Resting cyst wall proteins and glycoproteins of four colpodid ciliates: A comparative analysis. Microbios 99:27-43 Juck DF, Whissell G, Steven B, Pollard W, McKay CP, Greer CW, Whyte LG (2005) Utilization of fluorescent microspheres and a green fluorescent protein-marked strain for assessment of microbiological contamination of permafrost and ground ice core samples from the Canadian High Arctic. Appl Environ Microbiol 71:1035-1041 Kapterev PN (1936) Ob anabioze v uslovijah vechnoj merzloty. Izv AN SSSR, Ser Biol 6:10731088 (in Russian)

Kapterev PN (1938) Novyje materialy po ozhivleniju organizmov iz vechnoj merzloty. DAN

SSSR 20:315 (in Russian) Keilin D (1959) The problem of anabiosis of latent life: History andcurrent concept. Proc R Soc London B 150:149-191

Khunkitti W, Lloyd D, Furr JR, Russell AD (1998) Acanthamoeba castellanii: Growth, encyst-

ment, excystment and biocide susceptibility. J Infect 36:43-48 Lloyd D, Turner NA, Khunkitti W, Hann AC, Furr JR, Russell AD (2001) Encystation in Acanthamoeba castellanii: Development of biocide resistance. J Eukaryot Microbiol 48:11-16

Lozina-Lozinsky LK (1972) Studies on cryobiology. Nauka, Leningrad, pp 288 (in Russian) Lüftenegger G, Foissner W, Adam H (1985) r-and K-selection in soil ciliates: A field and experimental approach. Oecologia 66:574-579 MacArthur R (1972) Geographical ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ Marquardt WC, Wang G-T, Fennel DI (1966) Preservation of Colpoda steinii and Valkampfia sp.

from an ice tunnel in Greenland. Trans Am Microsc Soc 85:152-156 Matsusaka T, Hongo F (1984) Cytochemical and electrophoretic studies on the cyst wall of a cili-

ate Histriculus muscorum Kahl. J Protozool 31:471-475 Mazei YA, Tikhonenkov DV (2006) Heterotrophic flagellates in the littoral and sublittoral of south-eastern part of the Pechora Sea. Oceanology 46:397-405 Mazur P (1984) Freezing of living cell: Mechanisms and implication. Am J Physiol 16:125-142 Moon-van der Staay SY, Tzeneva VA, van der Staay GWM, de Vos WM, Smidt H, Hackstein JHP

(2006) Eukaryotic diversity in historical soil samples. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 57:420-428 Mylnikov AP (2002) New amoeboid flagellates of the genus Cercomonas (Cercomonadida,

Protozoa) from lakes of Spitzbergen Islands. Zool Zhurn 81:1187-1192 (in Russian) Mylnikov AP, Zhgarev NA (1984) The flagellates in littoral of Barents Sea and freshwater lakes.

Inf Bull Biol Vnutr Vod 63:54-57 (in Russian) Mylnikov AP, Kosolapova NG, Mylnikov AA (2002) Planctonic heterotrophic flagellates of small water bodies in Yaroslavl oblast. Entomol Rev 82:271-280 Neff RJ, Neff RH (1969) The biochemistry of amoebic encystment. Symp Soc Exp Biol 23:51-81

Odum EP (1986) Ekologiya. Mir, Moscow, 376 pp (in Russian)

Page FC (1988) A new key to fresh water and soil gymnamoebae. Fresh Water Biological

Association, Cumbria, England Patterson DJ, Nygaard K, Steinberg G, Turley CM (1993) Heterotrophic flagellates and other pro-tists associated with oceanic detritus throughout the water column in the Mid North Atlantic. Mar Biol Assoc UK 73:67-95 Petz W (1997) Ecology of the active soil microfauna (Protozoa, Metazoa) of Wilkes Land, East

Antarctica. Polar Biol 18:33-44 Petz W (2007) Ciliate biogeography in Antarctic and Arctic freshwater ecosystems: Endemism or global distribution of species? FEMS Microbiol Ecol 59:396-408 Petz W, Valbonesi A, Quesada A (2005) Ciliate biodiversity in freshwater environments of maritime and continental Antarctic. Terra Antarct Rep 11:43-50 Podlipaeva YI, Shmakova LA, Gilichinski DA, Goodkov AV (2006) Heat shock protein of hsp70 family revealed in some contemporary freshwater amoebids and in acanthamoeba sp. excysted from cysts isolated from permafrost samples. Tsitologiya 48:691-694 (in Russian) Poljansky JI (1963) O sposobnosti infuzorii tufel'ki (Paramecium caudatum) perenosit'

otritsatel'nyje temperatury. Acta Protozool 1:165-175 Poljansky GI, Sukhanova KM, Karpov SA (2000) General characterization of protists. In: Alimov

AF (ed) Protista. Nauka, St. Petersburg, pp 145-184 Potts M (1994) Desiccation tolerance of prokaryotes. Microbiol Rev 58:755-805 Pussard M, Pons R (1977) Morpholofie de la paroi kystique et taxonomie du genre Acanthamoeba

(Protozoa, Amoebida). Protistologica 13:557-598 Robinson CH (2001) Cold adaptation in Arctic and Antarctic fungi. New Phytologist 151:341-353

Shatilovich AV, Petrovskaya LE (2007) Ancient soil ciliates isolated from permafrost:

Morphological and molecular study. Protistology 5:71 Shatilovich AV, Shmakova LA, Gubin SV, Gudkov AV, Gilichinsky DA (2005) Viable protozoa in Lte Ileistocene and Holocene permafrost sediments. Doklady Biol Sci 401:136-138

Shatilovich AV, Shmakova LA, Gubin SV, Gilichinsky DA (2007) Detection of free-living soil

Protozoa preserved in Eastern Arctic permafrost. Protistology 5:71 Shatilovich AV, Mylnikov AP, Stupin DV (2008) The fauna and morphology of heterotrophic flagellates and heliozoans in Late Pleistocene fossil rodent burrows (Kolyma Lowland). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, in press Shi T, Reeves RH, Gilichinsky DA, Friedmann EI (1997) Characterization of viable bacteria from

Siberian permafrost by 16S rDNA sequencing. Microb Ecol 33:169-179 Shmakova LA, Podlipaeva YuI, Gilichinsky DA, Gudkov AV (2007) Viable ancient Acanthamoebae from permafrost of Eastern Siberia: Possible reason for high viability potencies. Protistology 5:72

Smith HG (1978) The distribution and ecology of terrestrial protozoa of sub-Antarctic and maritime Antarctic islands. Br Antarct Surv Sci Rep 95:1-14 Spirina EV, Fedorov-Davydov DG (1998) Microbiological characterization of cryogenic soils in the Kolymskaya Lowland. Euras Soil Sci 31:1331-1344 Sukhanova KM (1968) Temperaturnyje adaptatsii u prostejshih. Nauka, Leningrad, pp 267 (in Russian)

Tikhonenkov DV, Mazei YA (2007) Heterotrophic flagellates from freshwater biotopes of

Matveev and Dolgii Islands (the Pechora Sea). Protistology 4:327-337 Tomlinson G, Jones EA (1962) Isolation of cellulose from the cyst wall of a soil amoeba. Biochem

Biophys Acta 63:194-200 Tong S, V0rs N, Patterson DJ (1997) Heterotrophic Flagellates, centrohelid heliozoan and filose amoebae from marine and freshwater sites in the Antarctic. Polar Biol 18:91-106 Turner NA, Russell AD, Furr JR, Lloyd D (2000) Emergence of resistance to biocides during differentiation of Acanthamoeba castellanii. J Antimicrobiol Chemother 46:27-34 Ushatinskaja RS (1990) Skrytaja zhizn' i anabioz. Nauka, Moscow, pp 239 (in Russian) V0rs N (1993) Heterotrophic amoebae, flagellates and heliozoa from Arctic marine waters (North

West Territories, Canada and West Greenland). Polar Biol 13:113-126 Walker GK, Maugel TK, Goode D (1980) Encystment and excystment in hypotrich ciliates. I.

Gastrostyla steinii. Protistologica 16:511-524 Zanina OG (2005) Fossil rodent burrows in frozen Late Pleistocene beds of the Kolyma Lowland.

Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 6:728-736 (in Russian) Zhukov BF (1993) Atlas of freshwater heterotrophic flagellates (biology, ecology, taxonomy). Rybinsk, pp 160 (in Russian)

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment