1. Adams, C. E., W. W. Eckenfelder, Jr., and R. M. Stein, Modification to aerobic digester design. Water Research 8:213-218. 1974.
2. Ahlberg, N. R. and B. I. Boyko, Evaluation and design of aerobic digesters. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 44:634-643, 1972.
3. Anderson, B. C. and D. S. Mavinic, Aerobic sludge digestion with pll control — Preliminary investigation. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 56:889-897. 1984
4. Anderson, B. C. and D. S. Mavinic, Improvemenl in aerobic sludge digestion through pH control: Initial assessment of pilot-scale studies. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 14:477-484, 1987.
5. Appleton, A. R. and A. D. Venosa, Technology evaluation of the dual digestion system Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 58:764-773, 1986.
6. Appleton, A. R., Jr., C. J. Leong, and A. D. Venosa, Pathogen and indicator organism destruction by the dual digestion system. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 58:992-999, 1986.
7. Benefield, L. D. and C. W. Randall, Design relationships for aerobic digestion Journal. Water Pollution Control Federation 50:518-523, 1978.
8. Carrington, E. G., E. B. Pike, D. Auty, and R. Morris, Destruction of faecal bacteria, enteroviruses and ova of parasites in wastewater sludge by aerobic thermophilic and anaerobic mesophilic digestion. Water Science and Technology 24(2):377-380. 1991.
9. Chudoba, J., Quantitative estimation in COD units of refractory organic compounds produced by activated sludge microorganisms. Water Research 19:37-43, 1985
10. d'Antonio, G. Aerobic digestion of thickened activated sludge. Water Research 17: 1525-1531, 1983.
11. Deeny, K., J. Heidman, and J. Smith, Autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion in the Federal Republic of Germany. Proceedings of the 40th Industrial Waste Conference, 1985, Purdue University, Butterworths, Boston, Massachusetts, pp. 959-968. 1985.
12. Droste, R. L. and W. A. Sanchez, Microbial activity in aerobic sludge digestion Water Research 17:975-983, 1983.
13. Drostc, R. L. and W. A. Sanchez, Modeling active mass in aerobic sludge digestion. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 28:1699-1706, 1986.
14. Eckenfelder, W. W., Jr., Studies on the oxidation kinetics of biological sludges. Sewage and Industrial Wastes 28:983-990, 1956.
15. Ganczarczyk, J., M. F. Hamoda, and H. L. Wong, Performance of aerobic digestion at different sludge solids levels and operating patterns. Water Research 14:627-633. 1980.
16. Hao, O. J. and M. H. Kim, Continuous pre-anoxic and aerobic digestion of waste activated sludge. Journal of Environmental Engineering 116:863-879, 1990.
17. Hartman, R. B., D. G. Smith, E. R. Bennett, and K. D. Linstedt, Sludge stabilization through aerobic digestion. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 51:2353-2365. 1979.
18. Jewell, W. J. and R. M. Kabrick, Autoheated aerobic thermophilic digestion with aeration. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 52:512-523, 1980.
19. Kambhu, K. and J. F. Andrews, Aerobic thermophilic process for the biological treatment of wastes — Simulation studies. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 41R127-R141, 1969.
20. Kim. M. H. and O. J. Hao, Comparison of activated sludge stabilization under aerobic or anoxic conditions. Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation 62:160168, 1990.
21. Koers, D. A. and Mavinic, D. S., Aerobic digestion of waste activated sludge at low temperature. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 49:460-468, 1977.
22. Krishnamoorthy, R. and R. C. Loehr, Aerobic sludge stabilization — Factors affecting kinetics. Journal of Environmental Engineering 115:283—301, 1989.
23. Kuchenrither, R. D. and L. E. Benefield, Mortality patterns of indicator organisms during aerobic digestion. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 55:76-80, 1983.
24. Lue-Hing. C., D. R. Zenz, and R. Kuchcnrithcr, Municipal Sewage Sludge Management: Processing, Utilization and Disposal, Technomics Publishing, Lancaster. Pennsylvania, 1992.
25. Marais, G. v. R. and G. A. Ekama, The activated sludge process. I. Steady state behavior. Water SA 2:164-200, 1976.
26. Martin, M. H., Jr., H. E. Bostain, and G. Stern, Reductions of enteric microorganisms during aerobic sludge digestion. Water Research 24:1377-1385, 1990.
27. Matsch, L. C. and R. F. Drnevich, Auto thermal aerobic digestion. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 49:296-310, 1977.
28. Matsuda, A., T. Ide, and S. Fujii, Behavior of nitrogen and phosphorus during batch aerobic digestion of waste activated sludge — Continuous aeration and intermittent aeration by control of DO. Water Research 22:1495-1501, 1988.
29. Mavinic, D. S. and D. A. Koers, Performance and kinetics of low-temperature aerobic-sludge digestion. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 51:2088-2097, 1979.
30. Mavinic, D. S. and D. A. Koers, Fate of nitrogen in aerobic sludge digestion. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 54:352-360, 1982.
31. Messenger, J. R., H. A. de Villiers, and G. A. Ekama, Oxygen utilization rate as a control parameter for the aerobic stage in dual digestion. Water Science and Technology 22(12): 217-227, 1990.
32. Novak, J. T., M. P. Eichelberger, S. K. Banerji, and J. Yaun, Stabilization of sludge from an oxidation ditch. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 56:950-954, 1984.
33. Peddie. C. C., D. S. Mavinic, and C. J. Jenkins, Use of ORP for monitoring and control of aerobic sludge digestion. Journal of Environmental Engineering 116:461 -471, 1990.
34. Pizarro, D. R., Alternative sludge handling and disposal at Kent County, Delaware. Journal, Water Pollution Control Federation 57:278-284, 1985.
35. Reece, C. S., R. E. Roper, and C. P. L. Grady, Jr., Aerobic digestion of waste activated sludge. Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, ASCE 105:261-272, 1979.
36. Reynolds, T. D. Aerobic digestion of thickened waste activated sludge. Proceedings of the 28th Industrial Waste Conference, Purdue University Engineering Extension Series No. 142, pp. 12-37, 1973.
37. Scheuerman, P. R., S. R. Farrah, and G. Bitton, Laboratory studies of virus survival during aerobic and anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. Water Research 25:241 -245, 1991.
38. Trim, B. C. and J. E. McGlashan, Sludge stabilization and disinfection by means of autothermal aerobic digestion with oxygen. Water Science and Technology 17(4/5):563-573, 1985.
39. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Protection Agency, 40 CER Part 257, Criteria for Classification of Solid Waste Disposal Facilities and Practices. Federal Register 44(179):53438-53464, 1979.
40. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Process Design Manual for Sludge Treatment and Disposal, EPA/625/1-79/011, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1979.
41. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Control of Pathogens in Municipal Wastewater Sludge, EPA/625/10-89/006, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1989.
42. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Autothermal Thermophilic Aerobic Digestion of Municipal Wastewater Sludge, EPA/625/10-90/007, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D C., 1990.
43. Vismara, R., A model for autothermic aerobic digestion. Effects of scale depending on aeration efficiency and sludge concentration. Water Research 19:441-447, 1985.
44. Warner, A. P. C., G. A. Ekama, and G. v. R. Marais, The activated sludge process. IV. Application of the general kinetic model to anoxic-aerobic digestion of waste activated sludge. Water Research 20:943-958, 1986.
45. Water Environment Federation, Operation of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants, Manual of Practice No. 11, Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, Virginia, 1990.
46. Water Environment Federation, Design of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants, Manual of Practice No. 8, Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, Virginia, 1992.
This page intentionally left blank
Was this article helpful?