P

Packaging scientific knowledge, 340 Paddy fields, 53, 114, 153, 154, 191-209,

307-325, 345-367 PAL and CHS activity, 257 Palisade parenchyma, 288 Pantanal floodplains, 133-145 Partitioning of photosynthates, 73 Peak anthesis, 65 Peroxidases, 222, 249, 256, 294 Peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, 284 Peroxisomes, 287, 288, 294 Pest distribution, 33 Pesticides, 21, 29, 152, 245, 338, 358 Phenolic compounds, 4, 251-252, 284, 294-296

Phenological development, 73, 229 Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, 249, 296 derivatives, 249 Phenylpropanoid(s), 249-252, 255-258, 295, 296 biosynthesis, 256, 258 metabolism, 255-256 Photo-assimilate supply, 26 Photochemical cycle, 247 Photochemical efficiency of PSII, 276,

291-292 Photochemical reactions, 7, 215 Photodamage in peroxisomes, 288 Photoinhibition, 9, 245, 271, 291 Photomorphogenesis, 287-288 Photooxidation ofN2O, 147 Photooxidative destruction of the phytohor-

mone, 272-273 Photophosphorylation, 289 Photoreactivation, 292 Photoreceptor molecule, 284, 293 Photorepair of CPDs, 292, 293 Photorespiration, 4, 7, 72, 75, 287 Photosynthetic acclimation, 72 Photosynthetically active radiation, 293, 295 Photosynthetic apparatus, 260, 271, 284, 289, 290, 291

Photosynthetic damage, 285, 290-291

Photosynthetic insensitivity, 75 Photosynthetic integrity, 285 Photosynthetic machinery, 223 Photosystem II, 7, 291 Phytoalexins, 248, 252-253, 256 Phytochemicals, 249, 255, 263 Phytochromes, 287-288, 292-293 Phytotron, 28 Plant diseases, 31, 232-233 dynamics, 215

hormones, 6, 7, 252-253, 290 metabolism, 6, 256 pests, 231

photosynthetic productivity, 287 PLFA profiles, 30 PNUTGRO

crop simulation models, 46 model, 26 Policy implications, 233-234 Political barriers, 339 Pollen germination, 66-68, 220, 288 Pollen viability, 7, 66 Pollination, 66, 67, 68 Poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase, 248 Polyamines, 254, 256, 261, 262, 290 Polymerization of monolignols, 249 Polyphenolic compounds, 251 Polyunsaturated fatty acids, 248 Poverty cycle, 55

Precipitation patterns, changes in, 20-21, 39,

104, 225-226, 231, 245 Precipitation-rectified emission factor model, 208 Predicted SOC stocks, 98, 102 Predictive models, 230 Proanthocyanidins, 251 Process-based modelling, 117 Programmed cell death, 217-218, 257 Protein hydroperoxides, 248 PSII efficiency, 273, 276, 291, 292 Pyrimidine-(6, 4)-pyrimidone dimers, 270

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