A

Above-optimum temperature, 8, 9 Abscisic acid, 7, 10, 11, 252 Acetyl coenzyme A (CoA), 252 Active oxygen species (AOS), 284, 291, 293 Adaptation, 19-36, 49-51, 56, 96, 102, 104, 245, 246 strategies, 19-36, 49, 50 Additional warming, 216 Advanced fertilization techniques, 180, 337 Advantages of crop simulation, 49 Aerobic degradation, 33-34, 152, 364 Agricultural crops, 4, 124, 156, 214, 216, 219, 230, 333

Agricultural GHG mitigation, 338-339, 340 Agricultural management, 122, 331 Agricultural practices, 113, 123, 192, 209, 269,

335, 339, 364 Agronomic management options, 29, 36 Agronomic practices, 21, 31, 49, 50, 122, 179,

334, 356 Alkaloid, 249, 254, 255, 260-262

biosynthesis, 255 Alternate flooding/drying, 163, 356 Aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid (ACC), 6, 261, 262

Ammonium sulphate, 34, 153, 194, 196, 209, 360, 361

Anaerobic decomposition of animal manure, 334 Anaerobic environments, 115 Animal manure management, 336 Annual methane emission, 21-22, 144 Anther dehiscence, 66-67 Anthesis, 27, 28, 43, 45, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 75 Anthropogenic activities, 20, 63-64, 245-246 Anthropogenic emissions, 105, 113, 119, 215, 262, 329-330, 346

Anthropogenic greenhouse gases, 53, 113,

123-124 Anthropogenic N2O source, 119 Anthropogenic precursors, 284 Anthropogenic sources, 114-115, 120,

310-311,329,334, 346 Antioxidant enzymes, 222, 228, 290, 293 Aphids, 32

Apoplastic polyamines, 262 Arginine decarboxylase (ADC), 262 A2 scenario, 92, 103 Ascorbate-glutathione cycle, 275 Atmospheric abundance of CH4, 345 Atmospheric circulation, 214 Atmospheric radiative forcing, 147-181

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