where it can be seen that at STm = 0 the atmospheric temperature disturbance and its limiting value defined in (1.1.5) are in the same ratio as I. to {X. + X.m). In other words, on a time scale of the order of several days the atmospheric response to external forcing does not exceed 4% of its limiting value.

Let us substitute Equation (1.1.8) into Equation (1.1.2) and rewrite (1.1.2) and (1.1.3) as dSTJdt + cc(STm - STd) + $STm = {p/X.)SQ, (1.1.9)


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