DFH, Institut A
Environmental Chemistry Section Universitetsparken 2,2100 Copenhagen 0, Denmark
Amsterdam - London - New York - Tokyo 1993
ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS B.V Molenwerf 1
P.O. Box 211,1000AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
© 1993 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system ortransmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher, Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Copyright & Permissions Department, P.O. Box 521,1000 AM Amsterdam,The Netherlands.
Special regulations for readers in the USA - This publication has been registered with the Copyright Clearance Center Inc. (CCC), Salem, Massachusetts. Information can be obtained from the CCC about conditions under which photocopies of parts of this publication may be made in the USA. All other copyright questions, including photocopying outside of the USA, should be referred to the publisher.
No responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
Printed in The Netherlands
Studies in Environmental Science
Other volumes in this series
1 Atmospheric Pollution 1978 edited by M.M. Benarie
2 Air Pollution Reference Measurement Methods and Systems edited by T. Schneider, H.W. de Koning and L.J. Brasser
3 Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements edited by P.A. Trudinger and D.J. Swaine
4 Potential Industrial Carcinogens and Mutagens by L. Fishbein
5 Industrial Waste Management by S.E. J0rgensen
6 Trade and Environment: ATheoretical Enquiry by H. Siebert, J. Eichberger, R. Gronych and R. Pethig
7 Field Worker Exposure during Pesticide Application edited by W.F. Tordoir and E.A.H. van Heemstra-Lequin
8 Atmospheric Pollution 1980 edited by M.M. Benarie
9 Energetics and Technology of Biological Elimination of Wastes edited by G. Milazzo
10 Bioengineering, Thermal Physiology and Comfort edited by K. Cena and J.A. Clark
11 Atmospheric Chemistry. Fundamental Aspects by E. Mészâros
12 Water Supply and Health edited by H. van Lelyveld and B.C.J. Zoeteman
13 Man under Vibration. Suffering and Protection edited by G. Bianchi, K.V. Frolov and A. Oledzki
14 Principles of Environmental Science and Technology by S.E. J0rgensen and I. Johnsen
15 Disposal of Radioactive Wastes by Z. Dlouhy
16 Mankind and Energy edited by A. Blanc-Lapierre
17 Quality of Groundwater edited by W. van Duijvenbooden, P. Glasbergen and H. van Lelyveld
18 Education and Safe Handling in Pesticide Application edited by E.A.H. van Heemstra-Lequin and W.F. Tordoir
19 Physicochemical Methods for Water and Wastewater Treatment edited by L. Pawlowski
20 Atmospheric Pollution 1982 edited by M.M. Benarie
21 Air Pollution by Nitrogen Oxides edited by T. Schneider and L. Grant
22 Environmental Radioanalysis by H.A. Das, A. Faanhof and H.A. van der Sloot
23 Chemistry for Protection of the Environment edited by L. Pawlowski, A.J. Verdier and W.J. Lacy
24 Determination and Assessment of Pesticide Exposure edited by M. Siewierski
25 The Biosphere: Problems and Solutions edited by T.N. Veziroglu
26 Chemical Events in the Atmosphere and their Impact on the Environment edited by G.B. Marini-Bettôlo
27 Fluoride Research 1985 edited by H. Tsunoda and Ming-Ho Yu
28 Algal Biofouling edited by L.V. Evans and K.D. Hoagland
29 Chemistry for Protection of the Environment 1985 edited by L. Pawlowski, G. Alaerts and W.J. Lacy
30 Acidification and its Policy Implications edited by T. Schneider
31 Teratogens: Chemicals which Cause Birth Defects edited by V. Kolb Meyers
32 Pesticide Chemistry by G. Matolcsy, M. Nadasy and V. Andriska
33 Principles of Environmental Science and Technology (second revised edition)
by S.E. J0rgensen and I. Johnsen
34 Chemistry for Protection of the Environment 1987 edited by L. Pawlowski, E. Mentasti, W.J. Lacy and C. Sarzanini
35 Atmospheric Ozone Research and its Policy Implications edited by T. Schneider, S.D. Lee, G.J.Ft. Wolters and L.D. Grant
36 Valuation Methods and Policy Making in Environmental Economics edited by H. Folmer and E. van lerland
37 Asbestos in Natural Environment by H. Schreier
38 How to Conquer Air Pollution. A Japanese Experience edited by H. Nishimura
39 Aquatic Bioenvironmental Studies: The Hanford Experience, 1944-1984 by C.D. Becker
40 Radon in the Environment by M. Wilkening
41 Evaluation of Environmental Data for Regulatory and Impact Assessment by S. Ramamoorthy and E. Baddaloo
42 Environmental Biotechnology edited by A. Blazej and V. Privarova
43 Applied Isotope Hydrogeology by F.J. Pearson Jr., W. Balderer, H.H. Loosli, B.E. Lehmann, A. Matter, Tj. Peters, H. Schmassmann and A. Gautschi
44 Highway Pollution edited by R.S. Hamilton and R.M. Harrison
45 Freight Transport and the Environment edited by M. Kroon, R. Smitand J. van Ham
46 Acidification Research in The Netherlands edited by G.J. Heij and T. Schneider
47 Handbook of Radioactive Contamination and Decontamination by J. Severa and J. Bar
48 Waste Materials in Construction edited byJ.J.J.M. Goumans, H.A. vanderSloot andTh.G. Aalbers
49 Statistical Methods in Water Resources by D.R. Helsel and R.M. Hirsch
50 Acidification Research: Evaluation and Policy Applications edited by T. Schneider
51 Biotechniques for Air Pollution Abatement and Odour Control Policies edited by A.J. Dragt and J. van Ham
52 Environmental Science Theory. Concepts and Methods in a One-World, Problem-Oriented Paradigm byW.T. de G root
53 Chemistry and Biology of Water, Air and Soil. Environmental Aspects edited by J. Tölgyessy
There is an increased interest for nitrogen removal in waste water treatment all over the world. We have therefore found it useful to give an overview of the wide spectrum of nitrogen removal processes available today.
Part A gives a very brief overview of nitrogen pollution sources, the global nitrogen cycle and the treatment methods. Part B presents details of all biological methods for nitrogen removal, while Part C treats the physico-chemical nitrogen removal methods. Design examples related to Parts B and C are given in appendices.
The volume is not a textbook written for engineers, but is rather written for a wide spectrum of environmentalists who would like to have an overview of the available methods from a biological and chemical point of view. Design equations are given in the text, but more emphasis has been laid on the profound understanding of the biological and chemical processes and the basic factors that influence these processes. Parameters and regression equations for a quantitative description of these factors and their influence on the key processes are presented in several tables. This feature makes the volume very useful as a handbook on nitrogen removal processes.
The authors, Copenhagen, 24 June 1993
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
Was this article helpful?