1TEM tracks RSOLC, the amount of soil organic carbon that might decompose in the time frame of decades to centuries. Total soil organic carbon (TSOLC) would also include inert soil carbon.
2Depending on the merit criteria, the inclusion of sinks could lead to a different optimal level of reduction or split among countries. This example is meant to indicate that through adjusting the allowance level, any reduction amount can be achieved, including the exact level one would have achieved without sinks.
3Ethanol as currently produced often results in significant CO2 emissions from fossil fuels because they are used in various parts of the processing cycle such as in distillation. If fossil fuel use is fully under a cap, including that potentially used in biomass, this is not a problem because those emissions will be controlled under the cap covering energy use emissions. In other policies where this carbon is not priced properly, the net CO2 emissions from ethanol production could render it worse than using petro leum products in the first place. So, this is an important concern in many policy contexts, but here we are assuming that carbon from fossil emissions are priced appropriately.
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Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.