Estimates of the Net Greenhouse Gas Exchange by European Forests and Forest Soils

In this section, we present an overview of published emission data of CO2, N2O and CH4 from European forests and forest soils. The quantification is based on various approaches, including: (i) literature data or reviews on measured GHG exchange fluxes from and to forests; and (ii) upscaling approaches by making use of process-based model approaches based on current understanding of processes and controlling factors (in the case of N2O) or empirical models based on either field measurements or results from process-based modelling factors (in the case of CO2 and N2O).

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