Biochemistry and microbiology of methane production

A detailed discussion of the process of CH4 production by microorganisms is beyond the scope of this chapter (see Chapter 2). Excellent recent reviews of the relevant microbiology and microbial physiology can be found in Breznak (2006), Brune (2006), Breznak and Leadbetter (2006) and Purdy (2007). The more general phenomenon of CH4 production by terrestrial arthropods is reviewed by Hackstein et al (2006). Although the broad basis of lignocellulose digestion by termites has been known for more than 60 years (Hungate, 1946), numerous refinements continue to be added to the picture.

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