Contents and Subject Index

1. INTRODUCTION 1

2. WASTE CHARACTERIZATION 3

Metal Coatings 3

Smelting and Refining (Nortferrous Metal Manufacturing) 14

Paint, Ink, and Associated Products 14

Petroleum Refining 16

Iron and Steel Manufacturing 17

Photographic Industry 18

Leather Tanning and Finishing 18

Wood Preserving 19

Battery Manufacture 19

3. METALS RECOVERY TECHNOLOGIES 21

Chemical Precipitation 21

Process Description 21

Hydroxide Precipitation 22

Sulfide Precipitation 22

Carbonate Precipitation 28

Sodium Borohydride Precipitation 28

Phosphate Precipitation 29

Differential Precipitation 29

Zinc Cementation 29

Coagulation/Coprecipilation (Alum, Lime, and

Polyelectrolytes) 30

Waste Feed Characteristics 30

Pretreatment Requirements 31

Posttreatment Requirements 31

Performance Data 31

Availability 33

Environmental Evaluation 36

Costs 37

Electrolytic Recovery ,38

Elec trow inning 38

Process Description 38

Technical Evaluation 39

Waste Feed Considerations 39

Pretreatment Requirements 41

Posttreatment Requirements 41

Performance Data 41

Availability 43

Environmental Evaluation 45

Costs 45

Elec trod ialysis 47

Process Description 47

Technical Evaluation 47

Waste Feed Considerations 47

Fretreatment Requirements 47

Posttreatment Requirements 49

Availability 49

Environmental Evaluation 49

Costs 49

High-Temperature Metals Recovery (HTMR) 50

Process Description , 50

Waste Feed Characteristics 52

Pretreatment Requirements 53

Posttreatment Requirements 53

Performance Data 54

Availability 55

Environmental Evaluation 56

Costs 57

Membrane Separation 57

Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration 59

Process Description 59

Technical Evaluation 59

Waste Feed Considerations 59

Pretreatment Requirements . 59

Posttreatment Requirements 59

Performance Data 59

Availability 61

Environmental Evaluation 62

Costs 62

Reserve Osmosis (RO) 62

Process Description 62

Technical Evaluation 63

Waste Feed Considerations 63

Pretreatment Requirements 63

Posttreatment Requirements 63

Performance Data 63

Availability 65

Process Maturity 65

Costs 65

Donnan Dialysis and Coupled Transport 66

Applicability of Membrane Separation Systems 69

Leaching 70

Process Description 70

Waste Feed Characteristics ยป 72

Pretrealment Requirements 74

Posttreaiment Requirements 74

Performance Data 74

Metals Recovery from Hydroxide Sludges 74

Biohydrometallurgy 77

Ammonium Carbonate Leaching 77

Aluminum-Finishing Sludges 79

Zinc Sulfate Sludge 80

Plating Sludge Ponds Remediation 80

Lead Wastes from Superfund Sites 81

Availability 81

Environmental Evaluation 85

Costs 85

Adsorption 86

Carbon Adsorption 86

Process Description 86

Technical Evaluation 88

Waste Feed Considerations 88

Pretreatment Requirements 88

Posttreatment Requirements 88

Performance Data 89

Chromium 89

Mercury 89

Availability 91

Environmental Evaluation 92

Costs 92

Ion Exchange 95

Process Description 95

Technical Evaluation 97

Waste Feed Considerations 97

Pretreatment Requirements 99

Pos (treatment Requirements 99

Performance Data 99

Availability 100

Environmental Evaluation 101

Costs 102

Evaporation 102

Process Description 102

Technical Evaluation 105

Performance Data 108

Availability Ill

Environmental Evaluation 112

Costs 113

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment