The role of ethnobotany in pharmaceutical prospecting

Plants have been the cornerstone of medicinal therapies for thousands of years and continue to be an essential part of health care for much of the world. The traditional origins of many current pharmaceuticals have been obscured by the process of drug development, such as aspirin from willow bark (Salix spp.), reserpine for hypertension from the Indian Snake Root (Rauwolfia serpentina) and D-tubocurarine, widely used as a muscle relaxant in surgery, from arrow poisons (Chondodendron tomentosum,...

Medicinal Plants Of Introduction

The value of biodiversity as a source of pharmaceutically active substances has been the subject of a number of studies, for example Pearce and Puroshothaman (this volume), McNeely (1988), Farnsworth and Soejarto (1985) and Principe (1991). This value is now being cited as one of the many arguments for conserving natural habitats and, in particular, tropical forests which contain the largest number of plant species. These analyses, however, ignore the additional role of these as sources of...

Conclusions conservation of medicinal plants habitats and indigenous technical knowledge

In conclusion we can surmise that in general the two major threats to medicinal plants are first, the loss of habitat (through land use conversion, agricultural expansion and so on) which results in the loss of both known and unknown species and second, the overexploitation of known species as a result in increased demand. Related to these two is the associated loss of indigenous knowledge and expertise. To what extent are these processes underway in Ghana The review of Ghanaian case studies...

The US National Cancer Institutes plant screening program

In 1937, the US NCI was founded in order to initiate and coordinate research related to cancer. In 1955, the NCI created the Cancer Chemotherapy National Service Center (CCNSC) with the aim of developing a program of screening chemical substances for anti-cancer activity. Initially envisioned as a voluntary cooperative cancer chemotherapy program, the CCNSC has gradually grown into a major drug research and development unit. CCNSC (now incorporated into NCI's Developmental Therapeutics Program)...