T

Tabebuia guayacan, 115, 117

Tabuaeran (Fanning) Island, 95, 105, 106

Takuidae, 49

Tax policies, 25

Taxic diversity mass extinctions and, 171-172, 173-174, 175, 183, 184, 185-186, 187 Taxonomists, 65 Tel Aviv University, vii Temperature and microbial community composition,

154, 155, 157, 165 and speciation, 49 Tentaculata, 66 ter Steege, Hans, 107-125 Terbough, John, 289, 293 Terrestrial ecosystem models, 150, 151 Tethys Seaway, 60

Tidepool Education Interpretive Program, 325

Trace fossils, 180, 183, 184 Trawling and dredging, 11, 12, 13, 14-15, 23, 323

Trematodes, 2, 64, 67, 68, 69, 72, 73, 50 Trigonioids, 197 Trilobites, 175, 181, 184, 186 Tristan da Cunha, 95, 105, 106

Trophic structures cascades in marine ecosystems, 1, 6, 12,

13, 16-17, 21, 23 mass extinctions and, 177-178, 196 Tropical Pacific fisheries, 9, 17 Tropical forest. See also Amazonian tree diversity; Deforestation fragmentation, 124 Tropical montane species, 31, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42

Tropical rain forests, 6, 249, 308 Tuatara, 174 Tufts University, vii Tuna, 11, 16, 17

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