B

Back to Natives program, 326 Bacterial communities abiotic filtering, 133, 134, 156 ecosystem services, 150 elevational diversity gradients in soil communities, 127-147 Baltic Sea, 15

Baltica continental plate, 199 Barbados, coral reefs, 19 Barnosky, Anthony D., 168-169, 227-241 Barro Colorado Island, 115, 116, 117 Bartlett, Troy, 320-321 Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, 35-36, 38,

42, 44 Bats, 124, 265, 273 Bay of Fundy, 7-8, 11 Beach Bluffs Restoration Project, 327 Bees, 308, 324, 339 Beetles, 65, 322, 324

Behavioral and social complexity, 171, 180,

182-183, 184, 294-295 Beilschmiedia pendula, 116 Belding's Savannah sparrow, 327 Belemnites, 185

Beringia, 75, 229, 230, 231-232, 257, 258 Bielby, Jon, 263-279 Bignoniaceae, 115, 117 Billfishes, 16, 17

Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R. P., 263-279 BioBlitz biodiversity surveys, 314, 317 Biodiversity. See also individual taxa and ecosystems benefits, xv, 150

center of origin hypothesis, 50-51 centers of, 45, 48 cradles of, 266, 267 defined, xiii, 28 economic importance, 307-308 energy/ productivity hypothesis, 49-50 global estimates, 66 gradients, 47-51, 69-70, 73-74, 75 hotspots, xvi, 2, 51-55, 253, 289, 290, 319 human impacts, 1-2, 330-335; see also Habitat fragment and loss; Human population; Hunting; losses, xvi, 28, 88; see also Extinction;

Mass extinctions network of interactions, 173, 186 number of species, 63, 64-69, 88 outlook for, xvi, 24, 260-261, 331-335 saturation point, 93 scientific efforts, xvi Biodiversity genetics legacy biotas in Pleistocene Parks, 244,

281-282, 289-292 public education applications, 244, 282,

293-296 standardization of biological classification, 244, 281, 283-289 Biodiversity Project, 300, 302 Biofuel production, 335, 336 Biogeochemical cycling, 18, 24, 129, 153 Biomass carrying capacity for megafauna,

236-237 crash, 227, 231-234 domesticates, 232, 239-240 estimating, 238-240 fisheries, 8-10, 14, 16-17 human, 227, 231, 233, 234, 236, 237, 238 nonhuman megafauna, 227, 239 parasites, 81

recovery after QME, 227, 234-236 tradeoffs, 168-169, 229, 233 Biophilia, 306 Bioreactor models, 158 Bird diversity extinctions, 8, 9, 86, 88, 91, 93, 186, 197, 205, 231

geographical distribution of, 73-74, 7576, 252, 266 habitat loss, 205, 323 introduced species, 99 island species, 91, 93-94, 101 land species, 73-76 land-use changes and, 75-76 marine species, 9 parasites, 68, 69, 73-75 pollution and, 332 predation and, 93, 323 surveys, 321, 323, 324-325 Bivalve mollusks. See also specific bivalves collapse of fisheries, 13 recovery dynamics after K-T extinction,

168, 199, 200, 201-203 rudist, 175, 176, 179, 180, 185, 193, 196-197 Black Sea, 24 Blastoids, 175, 184 Blastozoans, 176 Bluegill sunfish, 295 Bobcat, 324 Body size bivalve, 192, 194, 195 and ecosystem process rates, 164 and endemism, 2, 45, 53, 54, 55-56, 5758, 59, 60-61 and energy budget, 237 and extinction/speciation dynamics, 45, 46, 49-50, 51, 54, 56, 59, 60-61, 168, 192, 194, 195, 196, 265, 271, 272, 273, 275

and geographic range size, 57-60, 61,

194, 272 and habitat saturation, 55, 57 and hitchhiking effects, 196 and life history patterns, 51, 55-58 megafauna, 228-229, 237 productivity and, 49, 53-54, 60-61, 229 and reproductive capacity, 55, 56, 59, 265

54, 55-58, 59, 60-61 terrain elevation and, 49-50, 54, 55, 60, 61, 272 Bohai Sea, 9, 13 Bolitoglossini, 31, 40 Bolivia, 112

Borda-De-Agua, Luis, 107-125 Brachiopods, 59, 175, 176, 179, 180, 183, 184, 199

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Guide to Alternative Fuels

Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet. Ethanol is an alternative to gasoline. The use of ethanol has been demonstrated to reduce greenhouse emissions slightly as compared to gasoline. Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know why choosing an alternative fuel may benefit you and your future.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment