Reservoirs for Hydro Power and Irrigation

Most artificial lakes used for generation of hydroelectric power or securing water for irrigation in Australia and NZ have been developed since the 1940s. Schemes of note in Australia include the Snowy River Scheme for hydroelectric power in the high country New South Wales, the hydroelectric network in Tasmania, the Hume and Dartmouth Dams in the headwaters of the Murray River, and the Ord River Scheme for controlling water release for irrigation requirements in Western Australia. Hydro-electric power constitutes about two-thirds of New Zealand's electrical energy supply, mostly from a series of dams along major river and lake systems (e.g., Lake Ruataniwha, Figure 5).

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