Glossary

Bilharzia - A human disease caused by various species of trematode worms that use snails as an intermediate host; also called schistosomiasis.

Black flies - Insects in the family Simuliidae of the order Diptera; some species are the vectors of the nematode worms that cause onchocerciasis.

Buruli ulcer - A human disease caused by infection with the bacteria Mycobacterium ulcerans.

Dengue fever - A human disease caused by a flavo-virus that is transmitted by infected mosquitoes.

Dranunculiasis - A human disease caused by nema-tode worms, with the crustacean Cyclops as an intermediate host; also known as guinea worm.

Elephantiasis - A human disease caused by nematode worms that are transmitted by infected mosquitoes; also called lymphatic filariasis.

Filariasis - A group of human diseases caused by the presence of nematode worms.

Guinea worm - A human disease caused by nematode worms, with the crustacean Cyclops as an intermediate host; also known as dranunculiasis.

Intermediate host - A host that a human parasite uses as part of its life cycle.

Japanese encephalitis - A human disease caused by a flavovirus that is transmitted by infected mosquitoes.

Lymphatic filariasis - A human disease caused by nematode worms and transmitted by infected mosquitoes.

Malaria - A human disease caused by a protozoan that is transmitted by infected mosquitoes.

Morbidity - The incidence of a disease in a population.

Mortality - The death rate caused by a disease in a population.

Mosquitoes - Insects in the family Culicidae of the order Diptera that transmit many human and animal diseases.

Onchocerciasis - A human disease caused by nema-tode worms and transmitted by infected black flies; also known as river blindness.

River blindness - A human disease caused by nema-tode worms and transmitted by infected black flies; also known as onchocerciasis.

Schistosomiasis - A human disease caused by various species of trematode worms that use snails as an intermediate host; also called bilharzia.

Swimmer's itch - A mild form of schistosomiasis, which results in a skin rash, and is caused by trematode worms, that have snails as the intermediate host.

Vector of disease - An organism, such as a biting fly, that transmits an infectious disease.

Yellow fever - A human disease caused by a flavo-virus that is transmitted by infected mosquitoes.

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