Further Reading

Beletsky D, Saylor JH, and Schwab DJ (1999) Mean circulation in the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 25(1): 78-93.

Bormans M and Garret C (1989) A simple criterion for gyre formation by the surface outflow from a straight, with application to the Alboran Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research 94(C9): 12637-12644.

Csanady GT (1982) Circulation in the Coastal Ocean. Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Chubarenko BV, Wang Y, Chubarenko IP, and Hutter K (2000) Barotropic wind-driven circulation patterns in a closed rectangular basin of variable depth influenced by a peninsula or an island. Annales Geophysicae 18: 706-727.

Hunter JR and Hearn CJ (1987) Lateral and vertical variations in the wind-driven circulation in long, shallow lakes. Journal of Geophysical Research 92(C12): 13106-13114.

Laval B, Imberger J, and Hodges BR (2003) Modelling circulation in lakes: Spatial and temporal variations. Limnology and Oceanography 48(3): 983-994.

Lemmin U and D'Adamo N (1996) Summertime winds and direct cyclonic circulation: observations from Lake Geneva. Annales Geophysicae 14: 1207-1220.

Mathieu PP, Deleersnijder E, Cushman-Roisin B, Beckers JM, and Bolding K (2002) The role of topography in small well-mixed bays, with application to the lagoon of Mururoa. Continental Shelf Research 22: 1379-1395.

(4) Cyclonic circulation In Lake Geneva. Figure shows the observed mean current vectors recorded at around 10 m depth in the central basin of Lake Geneva.

- Source: Lemmin U and D'Adamo N (1996) Summertime winds and direct cyclonic circulation: Observations from Lake Geneva. Ann. Geophysicae, 14: 1207-1220. Reproduced with permission from European Geophysical Society

(5) Spatio-Temporal evolution of Gyres in Lake Biwa. Figures (a) and (b) shows the described gyres I, II, and III at different stages; while figure (c)from left to right and up to down shows the monthly evolution (April-Dec 1994) of the epilimniun velocities measured with ADCP transects. Gyre I was described to move south as temperature stratification became stronger and north again as the stratification weakened. Gyres II and III were not stable, varying position and size accordingly to the wind field.

- Source: Kumagai M, Asada Y, and Nakano S (1998) Gyres Measured by ADCP in Lake Biwa. In Imberger J (ed.) Physical processes in lakes and oceans, pp. 123-136. Washington, DC: AGU. Copyright (1998) American Geophysical Union. Reproduced with permission from the American Geophysical Union.

Raudsepp U, Beletsky D, and Schwab DJ (2003) Basin-scale topographic waves in the Gulf of Riga. Journal of Physical Oceanography 33: 1129-1140.

Rubbert S and Kongeter J (2005) Measurements and three-dimensional simulations of flow in a shallow reservoir subject to small-scale wind field inhomogeneities induced by sheltering. Aquatic Sciences 67: 104-121.

Rueda F, Schladow GS, Monismith SG, and Stacey MT (2005) On the effects of topography on wind and the generation of currents in a large multi-basin lake. Hydrobiologia 532: 139-151.

Schwab DJ and Beletsky D (2003) Relative effects of wind stress curl, topography, and stratification on large-scale circulation in Lake Michigan. Journal of Geophysical Research 108(C2): doi:10.1029/2001JC001066.

Strub PD and Powell TM (1986) Wind-driven surface transport in stratified closed basins: direct versus residual circulations. Journal of Geophysical Research 91(C7): 8497-8508.

Wang Y, Hutter K, and Bauerle E (2001) Barotropic response in a lake to wind-forcing. Annales Geophysicae 19: 367-388.

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