The most comprehensive rules for the establishment of baseline and additionality for A/R are those of the CDM under the Kyoto Protocol. Project developers may use approved methodologies or submit a new methodology for approval. The methodologies for establishing the baseline and for monitoring carbon sequestration in projects must be specified in the project design documents. Independent auditing and validation of the actual net CO2e removals claimed for A/R projects is required for project certification. The issue of CERs by the Executive Board of the CDM follows certification. These methodologies and procedures for A/R projects can be found at UNEP Risoe (2008).
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