The project is located in Cangwa County, which has a sub-tropical monsoon climate, and Huanjiang County with a cooler transitional monsoon climate, both of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China. The project area is surrounded by dense human settlement: ten townships and 27 villages are involved in the project.
The original forested lands have been severely degraded and are now barren, of low productivity and continue to degrade. The area has suffered large-scale deforestation since 1950, has been overused for fuelwood, overgrazed and is subject to frequent fire. Even though cattle grazing has ceased, the forest would not regenerate naturally because seed sources are some distance away; in any case seedlings suffer severe competition from grasses.
Local farmers and communities would not be able to implement such a project without the forestry CER revenues generated, given the investment and technical barriers and market risks involved in plantation forestry.
Projects may choose to account for one or more carbon pools. A conservative approach is taken in this project by accounting only for above-ground and below-ground carbon, ignoring carbon in dead wood, litter and soil organic carbon. The carbon in pre-existing vegetation is deducted from the carbon stock at project commencement. The baseline methodology adopted (AR-AM0001/version 02) was developed by the Chinese Academy of Forestry, private consultants, both internal and external, and the World Bank. Biomass estimation is by growth models. The crediting period for tCERs is 30 years and the total removal of CO2e by the forestry sinks at year 30 will be 773 842 tonnes, or an average of 25 795 tonnes per year. The leakage of emissions is low given the involvement of local labor and the limited burning of fossil fuels by the project.
A National Park borders the project area in Cangwu County and a new park will be established in the project area. The region is one of the richest in terms of plant diversity in China but few protected flora and fauna species are presently found within the project boundary.
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