The two most comprehensive measurement protocols for A/R presently in use are those for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the World Resources Institute (WRI). The adherence to CDM protocols is a precondition for the issue of tradable certified emission reductions (CERs) under the Kyoto Protocol.
Adherence to either of these protocols may be required for certification of emission reductions in the voluntary market. For example, the Voluntary Carbon Standard (2008) accepts existing methodologies under the CDM and, similar to CDM, Joint Implementation (JI).
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Disasters: Why No ones Really 100 Safe. This is common knowledgethat disaster is everywhere. Its in the streets, its inside your campuses, and it can even be found inside your home. The question is not whether we are safe because no one is really THAT secure anymore but whether we can do something to lessen the odds of ever becoming a victim.