In the Grieg-Gran (2006) study of the cost of half tropical deforestation much of the agricultural activity to be compensated was the growing of food crops. Food crops tend to generate less income than oil palm and therefore require less compensation per hectare, making projects in food-crop growing areas more attractive to the purchasers of forestry offsets. The reduction in the ability of communities to grow food crops may well have undesirable social consequences. Such a program needs to be evaluated from an ethical point of view since it could condemn poor communities to continued poverty and leave them vulnerable to food insecurity. Also noted by Karsenty et al. (2008) is the criticism of REDD by the NGO community that the state will increase its control over forests and may exclude community forestry in its bid to gain credits from the reduction in deforestation or forest degradation.
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