Sequential Anaerobic Aerobic Treatment Systems

Biological reactors employing combination anaerobic and aerobic environments can be more effective for the detoxification of pulp and paper mill discharges through the following processes:

• Reduction of biodegradable organics under anaerobic and aerobic conditions;

• Transformation and degradation of chlorinated compounds presumably via reductive dehalogenation and subsequent aerobic metabolism;

• Aerobic metabolism of extractable compounds such as resin acids via hydroxylation reactions.

Haggblom and Salkinoja-Salonen [89] treated Kraft pulp bleaching in an anaerobic fluidized bed reactor, followed by an aerobic trickling filter. The sequential treatment process reduced 65% of AOX and 75% of the chlorinated phenolic compounds. The anaerobic reactor was efficient in dechlorination, thereby eliminating most of the toxicity and improving biodegradability of the subsequent aerobic reactor at shorter retention times. The researchers identified two species of Rhodococcus bacteria that were capable of degrading polychlorinated phenols, guaiacols, and syringols in the bleaching effluents. Wang et al. [90] examined continuous-flow sequential reactors operated in anaerobic-aerobic and aerobic-aerobic modes. The objective of this research was to enhance reductive dehalogenation and degradation of

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