Removal of Phosphate Using Feldspar

Feldspar, among many natural substances such as termite mount-clay, saw dust, kaolinite, and dolomite, offers significant removal ability for phosphate, sulfate, and color colloids. Optimization laboratory tests of parameters such as solution pH and flow rate, resulted in a maximum efficiency for removal of phosphate (42%), sulfate (52%), and color colloids (73%), x-ray diffraction, adsorption isotherms test and recovery studies suggest that the removal process of anions occurs via ion exchange in conjunction with surface adsorption. Furthermore, reaction rate studies indicated that the removal of these pollutants by feldspar follows first-order kinetics. Percent removal efficiencies, even under optimized conditions, will be expected to be somewhat less for industrial effluents in actual operations due to the effects of interfering substances [58].

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