Potato Starch

Potato starch is a superior product for most of the applications for which starch is used. Figure 5 shows a flow diagram of a typical starch plant. After fluming and washing, the potatoes are fed to a grinder or hammer mill and disintegrated to slurry, which is passed over a screen to separate the freed starch from the pulp. The pulp is passed to a second grinder and screened for further recovery of starch. The starch slurry, which is passed through the screen, is fed to a continuous centrifuge to remove protein water, which contains soluble parts extracted from the potato. Process water is added to the starch, and the slurry is passed over another screen for further removal of pulp. Settling vats in series are used to remove remaining fine fibers. The pure starch settles to the bottom while a layer of impurities (brown starch) forms at the top. The latter is removed to the starch table consisting of a number of settling troughs for final removal of white starch. The white starch from the settling tanks and the starch table is dried by filtration or centrifugation to a moisture content of about 40%. Drying is completed in a series of cyclone driers using hot air [3].

Figure 2 Typical French fry plant (from Ref. 3).
Figure 3 Typical potato granule plant (from Ref. 3).
Figure 4 Typical potato flake plant (from Ref. 3).
Figure 5 Typical potato starch plant (from Ref. 3).

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