Nitro Compounds

This family of organonitrogen pesticides includes the nitrophenols and their salts, for example, Dinoseb and the substituted dinitroanilines, trifluralin, and nitralin. Figure 3 shows a typical commercial process for the production of a dinitroaniline herbicide [8]. In this example, a chloroaromatic is charged to a nitrator with cyclic acid and fuming nitric acid. The crude product is then cooled to settle out spent acid, which can be recovered and recycled. Oxides of nitrogen

Figure 1 Geographical distribution of major pesticide manufacturers in the United States. Most of the plants are located in the eastern half of the continent (from Ref. 7).
Figure 2 General process flow diagram for halogerated aliphatic acid production facilities. Major processes for pesticide production, including chlorination, cooling, crystallization, centrifying, and drying. The salt of the pesticide is produced by another route (from Ref. 8).
Figure 3 General process flow diagram for nitro-type pesticides. Major processes for pesticide production are mononitration, dinitration, filtration, animation,

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