This chapter has shown that the tail-end of hurricanes and tropical storms affect Western Europe far more commonly than was previously known. Along with high winds, high precipitation events and flooding they can also cause significant numbers of fatalities and injuries and can cause extensive damage running to hundred of millions of dollars in the most extreme events, similar to the biggest and severest of the mid-latitude storms. In the context of global warming and in particular the rise in sea surface temperatures in the tropics the likelihood of more of these events arriving in Western Europe and being more tropical when they arrive will increase as the century progresses (El NiƱo not withstanding). As a result more attention needs to be paid to these events and the frequency with which they affect Western Europe.

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