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The Lost Ways

This complete ebook is the best way to survive if you are ever left without power. Would it not be better to spend just a bit of money in order to gain the ability to survive with you and your family if you are ever left without power for a long time? If a terrorist attack involved an EMP, you would be left without power for days or weeks. You can learn how to get back the lost ways or your forefathers and mothers, and learn how to survive totally without power and get back the survivalist skills that used to be a huge part of how we now survive in a world without power. This book comes to your from survivalist Claude Davis, and the skills that you will learn will save your life and give you the ability to survive as long as you need to in the wild and at home, no matter what the world outside is like. More here...

The Lost Ways Summary

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4.8 stars out of 59 votes

Contents: Ebook
Author: Claude Davis
Official Website: www.thelostways.com
Price: $37.00

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My The Lost Ways Review

Highly Recommended

I started using this book straight away after buying it. This is a guide like no other; it is friendly, direct and full of proven practical tips to develop your skills.

This ebook does what it says, and you can read all the claims at his official website. I highly recommend getting this book.

The Lost Ways 2

Our evolution has made us what we are right now. We have amenities for everything. However, what we lack, or rather have lost, are the ways that our ancestors used to survive harsh calamities. They didn't rely on anyone but did everything themselves from harvesting to building houses, and everything in between. Some of the ancient civilizations created innovative ways that even pay off if they are followed. Three of them are the superfoods created out of simple ingredients. These foods contain nutrients that could keep you in vitals for longer than anticipated. They could prove to be your life saviors in times of peril and this is exactly what the book The Lost Ways 2 intend. A sequel to The Lost Ways 1, this book contains much more than just superfood recipes. It has instructions on building charcoal filters, kilns, log houses, medicine making, harvesting, hunting and using parts of your game as raw material to make necessary tools, and much more. Besides this, you can get two bonus reports. One on using 4 acres of land for self-sufficiency and the other one on getting prepared for an imminent EMP attack. More here...

The Lost Ways 2 Summary

Contents: Ebook
Author: Claude Davis
Official Website: www.thelostways2.com
Price: $37.00

Homestead Agroforestry A Platform for Employment and Economic Security

Homestead Agroforestry

A vast majority of rural people in Bangladesh who cultivate land for crop production remains unemployed for a considerable period of the year because of seasonality of production activities and labor requirements. Homestead farming is the best answer to such unemployment situation through both vegetable growing, and culture of quick growing fruits enabling the people to remain employed round the year (Ahmad 1995). It has been found that over the decades, small-scale homestead activities have become the most significant income generating activities of poor households (Fig. 16.13). For example, over 5 million people in Bangladesh live in the riverine sand and silt landmasses (known as char in Bengali). These areas are highly prone to sudden flooding and erosion of land, and makes living in the chars hazardous and insecure. The Helen Keller International's homestead food production program was found to provide support to the fragile livelihood in the chars and improved the well-being of...

Homestead Agroforestry A System for Multiple Products

Image Homestead Agroforestry

Historically, homestead agroforestry production system has been providing multiple products to the households and meeting their diversified need through the production of a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, spices, and different tree products (Miah et al. 2002). The prevailing climatic and edaphic conditions of Bangladesh are the key factors for providing such a unique opportunity of producing a wide range of products (Fig. 16.8). It has been reported that homestead production system collectively contributes about 70 fruits, 40 vegetables, 70 timber, and 90 firewood and bamboo requirement of the country (Miah and Ahmed 2003). Homesteads, regardless of ecological and socioeconomic diversities, own at least a few fruit crops. Fruit crops cover an area of about 100,000 ha, nearly 80 of which are grown in home gardens (MoA-UNPD 2000). MoA-UNDP further reported that 43 fruit crops were grown in a wide diversity of soils and climates of Bangladesh. Among them, the predominant fruit crops...

Homestead Agroforestry A Pathway for Plant Biodiversity Conservation

Best home of plant biodiversity has reduced to 7 areas due to increase human population and associated development activities. Recent information stated that much of the state forest remained unproductive and only 0.84 million ha (about 5.8 of the state forest land) has acceptable forest vegetation (Forestry Department 2004). Under this current situation, homestead agroforestry offer the best option to conserve the diverse range of biodiversity. It is the in situ conservation site of a wide range of plant biodiversity, which is characterized by the measures of species richness, relative prevalence, and inter- and intra-species diversity (Heyhood and Watson 1995). Homestead agro-forestry practice, being a multi-strata production system where diverse plant species are grown in intimate association with or without animals could be a potential option for conservation of biodiversity. A large number of higher plants have been recorded in homesteads and rural areas of Bangladesh. Latif et...

Homestead Agroforestry and Management A Key Employment Opportunity for the Women

Women, the vulnerable group of the society and half of the country's population, have a great opportunity for self-employment in the income-generation activities through the practice of vegetable and fruit production in the homestead. Homestead agrofor-estry activities are keeping busy the entire households particularly the women who have minimum opportunities to be involved with other than homestead activities and ensuring the economic security especially to the poorer. The possibility of gender equality for participating in home garden management and sharing of benefits is perhaps one of the major stimuli for continued household food security enjoyed by home gardeners (Kumar and Nair 2004). Homestead being the dwelling place, enables the women for efficient management of homestead activities. Use of family labor, especially women labor, in the production process not only satisfies a wide range of domestic needs more economically but also ensures lowering of production costs and...

Homestead Agroforestry An Excellent Source of Nutrition

Agroforestry Potential Homestead

Fig. 16.12 Fruit, sugarcane, vegetable, poultry, and livestock are in a homestead, which provide nutrition to the household Fig. 16.12 Fruit, sugarcane, vegetable, poultry, and livestock are in a homestead, which provide nutrition to the household Of all the options available to tackle national malnutrition problem, the most practical and sustainable option would be to promote both cultivation and consumption of horticultural crops (fruits, vegetables, and spices) that could provide basic requirement of the essential vitamins and minerals (Fig. 16.12). Production of horticultural crops especially vegetable and fruits may well be the answer to the potential problems of hunger and malnutrition in Bangladesh (Javier 1992 Ahmad 1995). Daily intake of two spoonfuls - about 30 g of colored leafy vegetables can protect a child from vitamin-A deficiency (Hussain 1992). Homestead agroforestry in Bangladesh provides an excellent opportunity for farmers to produce a wide range of horticultural...

Homestead in Bangladesh

The country consists of 68,000 villages and each village contains about 268 homesteads (BBS 2005). It is the center of socioeconomic activities and traditional cultural heritage of villages in Bangladesh. Homesteads are multipurpose entities with dwellings, vegetables, spices, fruits, and fuelwood timber species (Fig. 16.1). The homesteads the people live in are locally known as Bari, which occur in linear, cluster, or individual pattern (Hussain and Miah 2004). Homesteads are perhaps the most important production unit in Bangladesh, with about 25.36 million of these in the urban and 21.90 million in the rural areas (BBS 2001). These homesteads occupied about 0.54 million hectares of land (BBS 2001) and this figure is increasing at the rate of 5 m2 ha year (Anam 1999). The average size of the rural homestead is very small, which varies widely according to region and socioeconomic status of the households. Basak (2002) studied homesteads at different ecological zones in Bangladesh and...

Homestead Configuration and Utilization

Recent studies and analyses (Hussain 2002 Hussain and Miah 2004) have shown that the homestead production system has been developed based on different microsites. In fact, the micro-sites represent the smallest production units having similar configuration of land and serve specific purposes. The strong argument in favor of this subdivision is that the homestead is not a homogeneous system and what may be suitable for an approach road may not be suitable for a backyard, and, similarly, the uses that are feasible along the boundary may not be feasible at the home yard. This makes new thinking and orientation for the researchers, academicians and development workers to divide the homestead into several production units, i.e., micro-sites. However, in any type of homestead, even with a landless group of farmers having only the homestead land, a set of micro-sites is recognizable. These are recognized as approach road, front yard, home yard, backyard, boundary, and sometimes pond site...

Homestead Agroforestry a Potential Resource in Bangladesh

Abstract Homestead, the home and adjacent grounds occupied by a family, is the potential production area in Bangladesh, especially for the resource poor group. Homestead production system is popularly called homestead agroforestry or home gardening. It is the integrated production of crops, trees, and livestock in the household's residence and its surrounding areas. It has been playing an important role in the rural economy of Bangladesh since time immemorial, and providing various essential products and services to millions of rural households. But it receives little attention of the researchers for maximizing the production. This review article highlights the resources and contribution of the homestead to draw attention of the researchers and planners for scientific interventions. The size and structure of homesteads are linked to economic, social, and ecological factors. The homesteads are generally small in size but numerically they are increasing steadily with population....

Response and Adaptation to Impacts on Crops Livestock and Forest Resources

The impacts of climate change will induce responses from farmers and ranchers aimed at adapting. Initial responses likely will be autonomous adjustments to crop and livestock management such as changes in agronomic practices (e.g., earlier planting, cultivar switching) or microclimate modification to cool animals' environment. They require little government intervention and are likely to be made within the existing policy and technological regimes. Methodologically, there has been little progress since the SAR in modeling agronomic adaptations. On the positive side, the adaptation strategies being modeled are limited to a small sample of the many possibilities open to farmers, which may underestimate adaptive capacity. On the negative side, the adaptations tend unrealistically to be implemented as though farmers possess perfect knowledge about evolving climate changes, which may

Thesis On Soil Solarization With The References 2016

Abedin MZ, Quddus MA (1990) Houshold fuel situation, home gardens and agroforestry practices at six agro-ecologically different locations of Bangladesh. In Abedin MZ, Lai CK, Ali MO (eds) Homestead plantation and agroforestry in Bangladesh - Proceedings of a National Workshop, BARI RWEDP WINROCK, pp19-53 Ahmad KU (1995) Vegetable crops business in Bangladesh. A consultancy report under AVRDC- BARC BARI-USAID Bangladesh project, BARI, Gazipur, Bangladesh Ahmed MFU (1999) Homestead agroforestry in Bangladesh A case study of Gazipur district. A master of science dissertation in Agroforestry and Environment. Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh Akther A (1990) Involvement of women in homestead production in a selected village of Tangail district. A master of science dissertation in Agriculural extension and education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh Alam MS (2004) Indigenous agroforestry...

Spatial Arrangement of Vegetation

The homestead irrespective of ecologically distinct locations has a multilayered spatial arrangement of vegetation (Fig. 16.7). Vegetation layer varies from homestead to homestead, which may usually range from three to five (Yoshino 1996 Ahmed 1999 Bashar 1999 Basak 2002 Hussain and Miah 2004) and even up to Fig. 16.5 Backyard of a homestead with vegetables, fruit, and timber species Fig. 16.5 Backyard of a homestead with vegetables, fruit, and timber species Fig. 16.6 Homestead boundary having trees and shrubs with varying canopy structures Fig. 16.6 Homestead boundary having trees and shrubs with varying canopy structures Fig. 16.7 Spatial arrangement of vegetation in a homestead showing 5-6 different layers of plant species Fig. 16.7 Spatial arrangement of vegetation in a homestead showing 5-6 different layers of plant species

Effect Of Species Diversity On Ecosystem Function

In wet oligotrophy savannas, ranching does not result in bush encroachment. Rather, because of the increased frequency of burning by ranchers anxious to encourage early resprouting of savanna grasses, woody species are likely to decrease with ranching. In dry savannas with relatively good nutrient levels and good forage quality, overgrazing significantly reduces the grass layer and standing dead biomass during the dry season. This reduces fire frequency and allows the encroachment of unpalatable woody species that eventually displace the herbaceous vegetation. In the nutrient-poor oligotrophic savannas, low-quality forage does not allow a very high animal load so that fuel load is not reduced significantly, permitting yearly or other-yearly fires that reduce the establishment of woody species. This is confirmed by studies conducted in the Argentinian Chaco (Morello and Saravia 1959 Morello 1970). If grass is permitted to establish, and cattle are not allowed to roam freely but arc...

Association Of World Reindeer Herders

Ingold, Tim, Hunters, Pastoralists and Ranchers Reindeer Economics and Their Transformation, New York Cambridge University Press, 1980 Krupnik, Igor, Arctic Adaptions Native Whalers and Reindeer Herders of Northern Eurasia, translated and edited by Marcia Levenson, Hanover, New Hampshire University Press of New England, 1993 Paine, Robert, Herds of the Tundra A Portrait of Saami Reindeer Pastoralism, Smithsonian Series in Ethnographic Inquiry, Washington, District of Columbia Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994

Highlights of Other Collaborations

The research on the transmission of this potentially devastating disease is a major priority which has involved federal and state agencies, animal health professionals, wildlife professionals and enthusiasts, and cattle ranchers in Montana and Wyoming. Preliminary findings from the study suggest that UV radiation plays a large role in the degradation of Brucella abortus. This finding suggests that continued monitoring of UV radiation levels could be an important tool in managing the disease.

Nevada del Ruiz Colombia 1985

Nevada del Ruiz had experienced a year of intermittent precursory activity that indicated an eruption might occur, and the volcano was being studied by a group of Colombian geologists at the time of the eruption. At 3 05 p.m. on November 13, 1985, ranchers north of the volcano heard a low rumbling and observed a plume of black ash rise from the volcano and fall on the town of Armero, 45 miles (72 km) away about two hours later. By 4 00 p.m., local civil defense officials warned that an eruption was in progress and recommended that towns including Armero, Honda, and others be ready for immediate evacuation. After several hours of meetings the Red Cross ordered the evacuation of Armero at 7 30 p.m. Residents did not, however, hear the orders, and did not understand the danger moving their way.

Conclusion Of Soil Of Bangladesh

The review and discussion cited in this paper on different aspects of homestead agroforestry production system revealed that it appeared a potential area for improving production and income of the rural households of Bangladesh. The paper clearly stated how homestead agroforestry production system meets the diversified needs of the rural households through production of a wide variety of agricultural (food crops, vegetables, spices, fodder, etc.) and forest tree products (fruits, timber, fuelwood, etc.) as well as medicinal plants The paper also cited how each and every niches of the homestead (micro-sites) are being utilized by the households especially by the resource poor farmers women. Though the homestead agro-forestry production system in Bangladesh has been playing important role in rural economy of Bangladesh from the time immemorial, but the pressure of the ever-increasing population on homestead land and the rapidly changing social and economical conditions of the people...

Importing Biosolids From New York Case Studyl

Y., have been imported into southeastern Colorado for application to dry land wheat, grassland, and reclamation sites. The Colorado Department of Health and the EPA have issued land application permits for about 7700 ha (19,000 ac). Annual precipitation in the area averages 36 cm. Biosolids from this project were used to reclaim a 104 ha (258 ac) sand blowout on private land near Granada, Colorado. The sandy dunes began as a 12 ha (30 ac) area subject to wind erosion. Like the many other blowouts in the Arkansas River valley, the dunes resisted all previous efforts at reclamation. Dewatered biosolids were mixed with wood chips and seeded with an improved range grass mixture. Approximately 4500 dry tons of the biosolid mixture were applied at rates of 20 and 40 dry tons ac. This site has shown rapid germination and establishment of grasses. Biosolids were also applied to dry land wheat and range grass in the area. The inability to provide sufficient...

American Desert Southwest

Colorado River Map

Water projects designed by the Bureau of Land Reclamation diverted rivers and resources from all over the West. In the years between 1911 and 1923 the California water department under the leadership of William Mulholland quietly purchased most of the water rights to the Owens Valley at the foot of the Sierra Nevada, then constructed a 233-mile (373km) long aqueduct to bring this water to Los Angeles. When the local owens Valley ranchers saw their water supplies dry up, they repeatedly dynamited the aqueduct, until Mulholland effectively declared war on the ranchers of the owens Valley, protecting the aqueduct with a massive show of armed forces. This was the beginning of the present-day California aqueduct system, forming the branch known as the Los Angeles aqueduct.

Rainfall Variability and Plant Production

Rainfall Botswana Analysis

Ranchers and farmers in arid and semiarid regions of the world have long recognized the importance of short term rainfall variability on farm and livestock production, and rainfall variability continues to be the principal source of fluctuations in global food production, particularly in developing countries. For example, communally-owned Mexican

Indirect GHG Impacts of Biofuels Policies

Given the global nature of the market for agricultural commodities, global agricultural models are required to measure the indirect GHG implications of biofuels. The results of selected models are now reviewed. A study of impacts of US corn-based ethanol production found that, instead of generating 20 percent savings in GHG emissions, it nearly doubles them over a 30-year period. Forest and grassland conversion that released large quantities of GHGs was accelerated by the higher crop prices. Brazilian sugarcane ethanol is credited with high direct savings of GHGs because bagasse, the waste product of crushing, is used to fuel the process. Nevertheless, GHGs will increase if Brazilian ranchers displaced by sugarcane convert more forest to pasture (Searchinger et al., 2008). Another global study by Fargione et al. (2008) showed how carbon debts were incurred by the clearing of rainforests, peatlands, savannahs or grasslands to produce biofuel crops in Brazil, south-east Asia and the US....

Ranching Drought Plan A Drought Planning Tool for Livestock and Forage Producers

Tte NDMC is working collaboratively with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's (UNL) Cooperative Extension Service and Department of Computer Science and Engineering, livestock and forage production consultants, and individual ranchers to identify essential planning components and develop a generic drought planning process that can serve as a template for producers to follow. Tasks being completed for this project include

Species Diversity Richness

Species or plant diversity varies from place to place and are largely influenced by the ecological and socioeconomic factors. It varies among the homesteads even within the similar ecological and socioeconomic groups depending upon individual needs and preferences. The plants grown in the homesteads are broadly classified into food (fruits, vegetables, spices), timber (timber and fuel wood), medicinal, and ornamental species. Irrespective of homestead size, farm category, and location, food fruit producing species dominate over any other functional groups followed by timber, ornamental and medicinal species (Millat-e-Mustafa et al. 1996 Bashar 1999 Basak 2002). Bashar (1999) in his study conducted at the central part of Bangladesh (Gazipur district) identified a total of 105 useful species in homestead in which 44 were recorded as food fruit species either perennial or annual, 28 timber, 15 medicinal and 18 ornamental. Similarly, Basak (2002) in a recent study covering 15 different...

Major Issues for Sustainable Production System

In order to improve the overall productivity of the homestead agroforestry, there is a need to identify suitable species in terms of matching and growth performances to the micro-sites of the homesteads availability of quality planting materials and their easy propagation development of pruning and thinning regimes of the individual species protection measures against the major pests and diseases optimum rotation period on the basis of cost-benefit analysis study prevailing wood market structure and agroforestry enterprises in order to promote necessary linkages with industries and trade for employment and income generation of the rural people, particularly for the women.

Limited Supplier Base

To overcome the limited number of suppliers, additional manufacturers are needed. Because of the current uncertainty, it is unlikely that such suppliers will enter the market without incentives. The situation is not unlike that experienced in the 1970s as the U.S. Navy sought to update its nuclear submarine fleet. Then, the competition for components for commercial nuclear power had made it difficult to obtain components needed for the U.S. Navy's ambitious submarine construction program. To increase the number of suppliers, the U.S. Navy developed alternative sources for these large components by paying a premium to bring another supplier into the nuclear component manufacturing business. The premium was paid for the first few sets of equipment. Once the new supplier had produced these components and demonstrated his competence, he was competed against other suppliers, enabling lower costs without subsidies for later sets of components. Such an approach could be adopted to encourage...

Biomass of Domestic Stock

Pigs, goats, sheep, and cattle were first domesticated (Pedrosa et al., 2005 Beja-Pereira et al., 2006 Chen et al., 2006 Fernandez et al., 2006 Larson et al., 2007). For time slices up to 6 kyr B.P., only pigs, goats, and cattle were included in the domestic livestock count. More recent time slices also included horses, buffalo, camels, chickens, ducks, turkeys, and catfish. Clearly for prehistoric times, this method provides an overestimate of domestic stock biomass, because no one would argue that the first ranchers had as many domestic stock per person as is the case presently. However, because the purpose of this part of the analysis was to see whether domestic stock compensated for a reduction in wild megafauna, the overestimation actually makes the conclusions more robust.

Settlements 81 Introduction

This Chapter provides methods for estimating carbon stock changes and greenhouse gas emissions and removals associated with changes in biomass, dead organic matter (DOM), and soil carbon on lands classified as settlements. Settlements are defined in Chapter 3 as including all developed land -- i.e., residential, transportation, commercial, and production (commercial, manufacturing) infrastructure of any size, unless it is already included under other land-use categories. The land-use category Settlements includes soils, herbaceous perennial vegetation such as turf grass and garden plants, trees in rural settlements, homestead gardens and urban areas. Examples of settlements include land along streets, in residential (rural and urban) and commercial lawns, in public and private gardens, in golf courses and athletic fields, and in parks, provided such land is functionally or administratively associated with particular cities, villages or other settlement types and is not accounted for...

Choice of activity data

Optimally, national usage statistics for carbonate lime would be available to determine the amount applied annually to soils (M). These data provide the most direct inference on application. Alternatively, annual sales of carbonate lime may be used to infer the amount that is applied to soils, under the assumption that all lime sold to farmers, ranchers, foresters, etc. is applied during that year. It is also possible to approximate carbonate lime application based on lime availability on an annual basis. Availability is computed based on the new supply for that year (annual domestic mining and import records) minus exports and usage in industrial processes. In the last approach, it is assumed that all available lime is applied in the year of interest.

Feral Sheep And Pigs On Santa Cruz Island

Abundance of feral sheep on SCI in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was at least 50,000 (Van Vuren 1981). Ongoing attempts were made to control or contain the herd with roundups, hunting, and fencing, but these efforts had limited success. The sheep population remained largely unchecked until 1981, and anecdotal information indicates there were substantial fluctuations in their abundance (Van Vuren 1981). There are no data on pig abundance on SCI prior to the 1990s, but ranchers' memoirs provide clear evidence there were years when their population was very high. Rooting was extensive, especially in vineyards and agricultural areas, as well as oak woodlands and grasslands.

Guidelines For A New Style Of Rangeland Management Sensitive To Biodiversity

First, full-time ranching provides daily contact with the land at all seasons and thus provides experience and a degree of attention to the land that occasional field visits by agency personnel and intermittently interested environmentalists can never replace. Indeed, the Nature Conservancy is calling on such full-time ranchers to manage some of their properties actively with continued livestock grazing, yet with enhanced sensitivity to biodiversity. The Nature Conservancy realizes that simply buying up key properties and eliminating direct human influence is not a viable way to conserve biodiversity on a grander scale. It realizes that humans are part of the ecosystem and that it could not purchase and preserve all the desirable properties anyway. Instead, it understands that encouraging management in economically, as well as ecologically, sustainable ways is the long-term answer to holding on to the maximum biodiversity across the rangelands of the western U.S. The conservancy...

Mode of Plantation

Tree plantation in homestead by the households is influenced by either demand of the tree (demand-driven) or supply of the planting materials (supply-driven) or both. A recent finding across the four ecological regions of Bangladesh showed that about 48 plantations were demand-driven, 42 supply-driven, and 10 both demand-and supply-driven (Basak 2002). He also found a distinct variation in the mode of plantation by farm categories, where demand-driven mode of plantation increased with the increase of farm size, while supply-driven mode of plantation increased with the decrease of farm size. The findings indicated that poorer group of farmers were guided by supply-driven mode because of their poor socioeconomic status, while the larger group of farmers were guided by demand-driven mode because of their better financial capacity to buy the demanded ones. Therefore, homestead of resource poor farmers may be enriched with economic plants if the supply of desired planting materials could...

Conservation Biology

Plants absorb carbon dioxide during photosynthesis and so are natural checks against the accumulation of carbon dioxide. Deforestation, however, reduces the number of trees and plants and so weakens the capacity of plants to absorb carbon dioxide. The greenhouse effect and deforestation are, therefore, a mutually reinforcing feedback loop that intensifies global warming. Conservation biologists point to ranchers as contributors to the greenhouse effect. By overgrazing the land, cattle further reduce the number of plants and weaken their capacity to absorb carbon dioxide.

Adaptations today

For example, in some parts of Australia, climate change has brought more rain, enabling some ranchers to support larger herds of cattle because their ranges have been more productive growing grass, and the farmers are benefitting from the extra productivity. Other northern locations in Canada and Russia will be better able to produce agricultural goods, but climatologists warn that areas of benefit will be few, far between, and sporadic and will be insignificant in comparison to the overall negative effects of global warming.

25 of Grandpas Top Tips

25 of Grandpas Top Tips

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