References

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1. HSWA, Federal Hazardous and Solid Wastes Amendments (HSWA), U.S. EPA, Washington, DC, November 1984, available at http://www.epa.gov/osw/laws-reg.htm, 2007.

2. Federal Register, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 42 US Code s/s 6901 et seq. 1976, U.S. Government, Public Laws, available at www.access.gpo.gov/uscode/title42/chapter82_.html, January 2004.

3. South Carolina DHEC, Reduction of Hazardous Waste Legislative Summary: 2004 Report, South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, Columbia, SC, February 2005.

4. WEF, Waste Minimization and Waste Reduction, Water Environment Federation, Alexandria, VA, available at http://www.wef.org/GovernmentAffairs/PolicyPositionStatements/Waste_Minimization+_ Reduction. htm, 2007.

5. U.S. EPA, Guidance Manual for Developing Best Management Practices (BMPs), EPA 833-B-93-004, U.S. EPA, Washington, DC, October 1993.

6. U.S. EPA, Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, United States Code Title 42, U.S. EPA, Washington, DC, available at http://www.epa.gov/p2/pubs/p2policy/act1990.htm, October 2006.

7. U.S. EPA, Waste Minimization Opportunity Assessment Manual, EPA/625/7-88/003, U.S. EPA, Cincinnati, OH, July 1988.

8. University of Maryland, Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention Plan, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, available at http://www.ehs.umaryland.edu/Waste/wastemin.htm, 2007.

Cost Savings in 2007 USD

Paint (USD/yr) Cleaning (USD/yr) Disposal (USD/yr) Pumping (USD/yr) Labor (USD/yr) Total (USD/yr) Capital investment (USD) Payback

11 months

268,000 81,000 61,000 43,000 146,000 599,000 559,000

9. UNIDO, Project Document, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Industrial Sectors and Environment Division, Vienna, Austria, April 1995.

10. UNIDO, Waste Reduction Auditing Manual, US/GLO/91/103, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Industrial Sectors and Environment Division, Vienna, Austria, 1991.

11. UNIDO, Demonstration of Cleaner Production Techniques, US/INT/91/X79, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Industrial Sectors and Environment Division, Vienna, Austria, 1991.

12. Cheremisinoff, P.N., Waste Minimization and Cost Reduction for the Process Industries, William Andrew, Norwich, NY, 1995, pp. 331, available at http://www.williamandrew.com/titles/1388.htm, 2007.

13. Friedman, F.B., Practical Guide to Environmental Management, 9th ed., Environmental Law Institute, Washington, 2003.

14. Wang, L.K., Krouzek, J.V., and Kounitson, U., Case Studies of Cleaner Production and Site Remediation, Training Manual DTT-5-4-95, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Industrial Sectors and Environment Division, Vienna, Austria, April 1995.

15. Dautzenberg, A. and Groene, T., Waste Prevention in SMEs; From Desire to Company Practice, Milieu, 1993, pp. 87-91.

16. Foecke, T., McDonald, K. and Nelson, K., Sri Lanka-Minnesota Scoping Mission on InstitutionBuilding for Waste Minimization, final report prepared for the World Environment Centre, Washington, DC, March 1994.

17. Heaton, G.R., Financing the Process of Technological Change: Innovative Mechanisms for the Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies. UNIDO, Vienna, Austria, 1995.

18. Chodak, M. and Dobes, V., Pollution Prevention Activities in the Netherlands, report prepared for the Province of North Holland, June 1993.

19. Heaton, G.R., Repetto, R. and Sobin, R., Backs to the Future: U.S. Government Policy Towards Environmentally Critical Technology, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, 1992.

20. North Carolina DEHNR, General Waste Minimization Options for Metal Cleaning, NC Department of Environment, Health and Natural Resources, available at http://www.p2pays.org/ref%5C01/00021.htm, 2007.

21. Mississippi DEQ, Waste Minimization Plan. The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality Jackson, MS, available at www.deq.state.ms.us, 2007.

22. U.S. ACE, Yearly Average Cost Index for Utilities, in Civil Works Construction Cost Index System Manual, 110-2-1304, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, DC, 2007, p. 44, available at http:// www.nww.usace.army.mil/cost, 2007.

23. Michigan DEQ, Waste Management Guidance—Waste Minimization, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Lansing, MI, March 1998, available at http://www.michigan.gov/deq, 2007.

24. U.S. EPA, Waste Minimization in Metal Parts Cleaning, EPA/530SW89049, U.S. EPA, Washington, DC, August 1989.

25. U.S. EPA, Guides to Pollution Prevention—Research and Educational Institutions, EPA/625/7-90/010, U.S. EPA, Cincinnati, OH, June 1990.

26. Wang, L.K., Vaccari, D.A., Li, Y., and Shammas, N.K., Chemical precipitation, in Physicochemical Treatment Processes, Wang, L.K., Hung, Y.T., and Shammas, N.K., Eds., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2005, pp. 141-198.

27. Wang, L.K., Hung, Y.T., and Shammas, N.K., Eds., Physicochemical Treatment Processes, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2005.

28. Wang, L.K., Hung, Y.T., and Shammas, N.K., Eds., Advanced Physicochemical Treatment Processes, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006.

29. Wang, L.K., Shammas, N.K., and Hung, Y.T., Eds., Biosolids Treatment Processes, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2007.

30. Virginia WMP, Fact Sheet, Waste Minimization Program on Source Reduction Techniques for Local Governments, Virginia Waste Minimization Program, Richmond, VA, available at http://www.p2pays. org/ref/11/10314.htm, 2007.

31. Conway R.A., Warner, D.J., Wiles, C.C., and Duckett, E.J. Hazardous and Industrial Solid Waste Minimization Practices, ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, 1989, pp. 209.

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