By definition, any pesticide has toxic effects on organisms. Listed pesticides are those that combine high toxicity with resistance to degradation in the environment. Moore and Ramamoorthy109 review the behavior of chlorinated pesticides in natural waters.
Most of the common 15 hazardous pesticides are chlorinated hydrocarbons. Adsorption can be an important process for most. All except DDT, endosulfan, and heptachlor resist hydrolysis, and most are also resistant to biodegradation. Kearney and Kaufman118 review conditions under which chlorinated pesticides are biodegraded.
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