The primary units in processing beverages are raw material handling and processing, mixing, fermentation, cooking, cooling, bottling and packaging, pasteurization, and cleanup. Effluent discharged from the beverage industry is normally generated by wasted drinks and syrup, water in the fermentation process, water from bottle cleaning, which contains detergents and caustics, and lastly lubricants used in the machinery. Thus, the associated wastewater pollutants contain TSS, various organics, nitrates, phosphates, sodium and potassium, and so on. The wastewater of fermentation processes usually has higher organic loads and overall wastewater volume compared to other food processing sectors. Table 30.2 gives a list of parameters for soft drink wastewater.
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