Natural Climatic Conditions

The peculiarities of physico-geographical conditions, complexity of a terrain and general atmospheric circulation causes the unique natural climatic conditions of Azerbaijan. In Azerbaijan, there exist 9 of the world's 11 climate zones, including semi-desert, arid steppe, and mountain tundra [1, 3]. At the same time, the formation of climate in the country is influenced by cold air masses of arctic (Kara and Scandinavian anticyclones) and temperate (Siberian anticyclones) and maritime (Azores maximum) hot air masses of tropical zones (subtropical anticyclone and southern cyclones), Central Asian anticyclones and local weather conditions.

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