Management of Karst Aquifers Under Climate Change Implications for Sustainable

Mehmet Ekmekci and Levent Tezcan

Abstract Among several other factors, spatial and temporal variability of some basic characteristics is of primary importance in defining the vulnerability of a hydrogeological system against external/internal stresses. Response of a hydrogeo-logical system to climatic changes is reflected in dynamics of recharge, storage and flow, which consequently alters water quality. Managing karst aquifers is more difficult compared to non-karstic aquifers, due to the fact that recharge-storage-flow mechanism is not as straightforward as in non-karstic aquifers. In this paper, management of karst aquifers, with special emphasis on climatic changes, is discussed, based on some examples from Turkish karst. It was demonstrated that well karsti-fied rock masses, which normally do not contain significant phreatic zones, can be developed, in order to capture and store the flush waters of floods for later use.

Keywords Aquifer • Climate change • Groundwater • Hydrogeology • Karst • Management • Sustainable use • Turkey

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