There has been a fundamental transformation of policing, property rights and organizational structure of agricultural water management in Bulgaria since 1989 when transition from a centrally planed to a market economy started [1]. That has profound effects on efficiency and sustainability of waters exploitation and agricultural impact on water resources. This paper analyzes the evolution and efficiency of water governance in Bulgarian agriculture during post-communist transition and EU integration. First, it defines the water governance and the scope of analysis. Second, it presents the process of transformation of agricultural water governance embracing all mechanisms and modes - institutional environment, market, private, public, and hybrid. Third, it assesses impacts of newly evolved system of governance on efficiency and sustainability. Finally, it suggests recommendations for improvement of public policies.

Institute of Agricultural Economics, 125 Tzarigradsko Shose Blvd., Blok 1, 1113, Sofia, Bulgaria e-mail: [email protected]

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