Currently, 400 million people live throughout the Mediterranean Region and pose a heavy burden on fragile water supplies. The problem is compounded by nearly 200 million international visitors each year, the majority of whom stay in water-parched coastal areas. A globally changing climate, rising Mediterranean Sea levels and an increasing demand for safe, potable water due to population growth will exacerbate current water supply problems, and urgent, pro-active decisions will be necessary to secure adequate supplies. Groundwater is a particular concern as its unique characteristics are rarely adequately accommodated within IWRM (Integrated Water Resource Management) and few, if any, studies have examined the potential impacts of climate change on the region's aquifers.

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